Chapter 5 AP Gov Vocab
Terms in this set (15)
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals
The constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that declares "no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws"
Equal protection of the laws
Part of the Fourteenth Amendment emphasizing that the laws must provide equivalent "protection" to all people
The constitutional amendment ratified after the Civil War that forbade slavery and involuntary servitude
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The law making racial discrimination in hotels, motels, and restaurants illegal and forbidding many forms of job discrimination
The legal right to vote, extended to African Americans by the Fifteenth Amendment, to women by the Nineteenth Amendment and to 18 to 20-year-olds by the Twenty-sixth Amendment
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1870 to extend suffrage to African Americans
Small taxes levied on the right to vote. This method was used most by Southern states to exclude Africans Americans from voting. Poll taxes were declared void by the Twenty-fourth Amendment in 1964.
Primary elections from which African Americans were excluded, an exclusion that, in the heavily Democratic South, deprived African Americans of a voice in the real contests. The Supreme Court declared white primaries unconstitutional in 1944.
The constitutional amendment passed in 1964 that declared poll taxes void in federal elections
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage. Under the law, hundreds of thousands of African Americans were registered, and the number of African American elected officals increased dramatically
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote
Equal Rights Amendment
A constitutional amendment originally introduced in Congress in 1923 and passed by Congress in 1972, stating that "equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the US or any state on the account of sex." Despite public support, the amednment fell short of the three-fourths of state legislatures required for passage
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
A law passed in 1990 that requires employers and public facilities to make "reasonable accomodation" for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination against these individuals in employment
A policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment for members of some previously disadvantaged group