APUSH Chapter 8
Alan Brinkley´s Unfinished Nation Chapter 8
Terms in this set (45)
Second Bank of the United States
A second bank made in 1816 but it had more capital than the previous. Forced state banks to issue only sound bank notes.
Francis Cabot Lowell
Developed a power loom after examining one in England, better than theirs.
1807- Made by a law using money from the Ohio land sales, proposed by the Jefferson Administration.
A road in going westward to Pittsburgh, funded by Pennsylvania.
Deep South. Cotton Emerged.
Offer American good to Mexicans priced considerably lower than the inferior Mexican goods previously dominating the market.
John Jacob Astor
-American Fur Company, extended business west to Rockies.
American Fur Company
John Astor, Extended business west to Rockies from great lakes.
Fur trappers. Became involved with Mexican women.
Andrew and William Ashley
Founded Rocky mountain Fur Company
Rocky Mountain Fur Company
Hired Trappers to move permanantly to the Rockies.
Stephen H. Long
Gov't sent him an 19 soldiers on a journey to Nebraska and Eastern Colorado, came back through what is now Kansas.
When many presidents in a row were all from Virginia.
Sec of State to Jefferson, Seceded him later in office.
Beat by Monroe 183-34
John C. Calhoun
New Sec of War under Monroe
John Quincy Adams
New Sec of State under Monroe, Former Federalist
"Era of Good Feelings"
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.
Ordered to stop seminole raids on the American Border.
The Seminole War
Ordered by Calhoun to stop raids, Jefferson took this as an order to invade Florida. He captured forts at St. Marks and Pensacola.
Spain gave up Florida and America gave up Texas.
made it easy for settlers and speculators to get credit, when the states offered and made their own bank notes that were not regulated by the government, and made counterfeit money easy to come by, leading to economic crisis.
Panic of 1819
Economic panic caused by extensive speculation and a decline of Europena demand for American goods along with mismanagement within the Second Bank of the United States. Often cited as the end of the Era of Good Feelings.
Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820)
This was an attempt to have no more slaves to be brought to Missouri and provided the gradual emancipation of the children of slaves. In the mind of the South, this was a threat to the sectional balance between North and South.
Jesse B. Thomas
Proposed a bill not allowing slavery north of the 3630.
Guided the Maine Missouri Bill into House.
Molded development of the constitution: Strengthened the Supreme Court, more power to fed, and advanced the interests of the propertied and commercial classes.
Fletcher v. Peck
Supreme Court case which protected property rights and asserted the right to invalidate state laws in conflict with the Constitution
Yazoo Land Companies
Georgia lands couldn't be repealed as by the ruling of Fletcher vs. Peck (1810)
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
(1819)(New hamp. tried to take over a college by revising a charter)charters are protected under the contract clause of the U.S. constitution(marshall)
Cohens v. Virginia
Supreme Court case which asserted the right of the Supreme Court to review the decision of state supreme courts
McCulloch v. Maryland
1819, Cheif justice john marshall limits of the US constition and of the authority of the federal and state govts. one side was opposed to establishment of a national bank and challenged the authority of federal govt to establish one. supreme court ruled that power of federal govt was supreme that of the states and the states couldnt interfere
Argued for the Bank of the US.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
Johnson v. McIntosh
Established that Indian tribes had rights to tribal lands that preceded all other American law; only the federal government could take land from the tribes.
Worcester v. Georgia
Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it
The Monroe Doctrine
President James Monroe (1823). If European powers tried to colonize land in the Americas, It would be viewed as an act of war against the USA. Refrain them from recolonizing in Western Hemisphere.
Up until 1820, presidential candidates were nominated by caucuses of the two parties in Congress, but in 1824, this idea was overthrown., Andrew Jackson's term for selection process of candidates
William H. Crawford
of Georgia was nominated by the Republican caucus(last caucus selection), as he was the favorite of the extreme states' rights faction of the party. But other candidates received nominations from state legislatures and won endorsements from mass meetings throughout the country.
an economic regime pioneered by Henry Clay which created a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building. This approach was intended to allow the United States to grow and prosper by themselves This would eventually help America industrialize and become an economic power.
In the election of 1824, none of the candidates were able to secure a majority of the electoral vote, thereby putting the outcome in the hands of the House of Representatives, which elected John Quincy Adams over rival Andrew Jackson. Henry Clay was the Speaker of the House at the time, and he convinced Congress to elect Adams. Adams then made Clay his Secretary of State.
Venezuelan statesman who led the revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule
The "Tariff of Abominations"
An 1828 protective tariff, or tax on imports, motivated by special interest groups. It resulted in a substantial increase in duties that angered many southern free traders.
When Adam's supporters were ranting against Jackson, they called him a murderer and distributed this, which listed names, withit coffin-shaped outlines, the names of militiamen whom Jackson was said to have shot in cold blood during the War of 1812. The men had actually been deserters who were legally executed after a sentence by a court-martial.