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32 terms

Concepts of physical performance

STUDY
PLAY
Play
Fun, Intrinsic, Spontaneous
Recreation
Relax, Re-cuperate, Re-create
Leisure
Free time, Opportunity, Choice
Sport
Physically skilfull, Institutionalised, Competitive
Physical Education
Compulsory, Formal teaching & learning, Cognitive, physical & moral education
Outdoor Education
Risk & danger, In natural environment, Challenging,
Mastery play
Physical development
Symbolic play
Role rehearsal
Rule-bound play
Cognitive development
Active leisure
Physically energetic activities in your free time
Purposeful leisure
Leisure activities controlled by the state for social control
Passive recreation
Activities in your leisure time that are not physically demanding
Categories of Sport
Athletic, Gymnastic, Game
Categories of Game
Invasion, Net/wall, Striking & Fielding, Combat, Target
Subjective danger
Feeling of anxiety but no real risk
Objective danger
Potential danger due to the natural environmant
Gamesmanship
Bending the rules for your own gain
Professionalism
Paying a performer to play sport
Amateurism
Playing sport for the love of it
Sportsmanship
Fair play and etiquette in sport
Benefits of sport/recreation to society
Social control e.g. less anti-social behaviour, Economic benefits e.g. more job opportunities, and Social integration
Benefits of sport/recreation to individual
Health & fitness, Team work, Personal achievement
Objectives of PE
Physical, Motor, Cognitive & Affective development
School sport
Extra-curricular, more competitive and tactical, coaches rather than teachers
Positive values of sport
Sportsmanship, Amateurism, Competitive, Assertion
Negative values of sport
Gamesmanship, Win at all costs, Cheating, Aggression
Factors increasing leisure time
Reduced working hours, Labour saving devices, High unemployment, decrease in religious practice
Factors affecting type of leisure
Increased disposable income, Increased public sector provision, Popular culture
National Curriculum Key Stage 1
Knowledge and skills through Dance, Games and Gymnastic. New skills, movement and co-ordination
National Curriculum Key Stage 2
Dance, Games and Gymnastic plus 2 from Swimming, Athletic and OE. Creativity and imagination
National Curriculum Key Stage 3
Games, plus 3 from Dance, Gymnastic, Swimming, Athletic and OE (1 must be Dance or Gym), Variety of roles e.g. official, leader
National Curriculum Key Stage 4
2 from Games, Dance, Gymnastic, Swimming, Athletic and OE. Competing, performing, promoting health or fitness