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Fun, Intrinsic, Spontaneous


Relax, Re-cuperate, Re-create


Free time, Opportunity, Choice


Physically skilfull, Institutionalised, Competitive

Physical Education

Compulsory, Formal teaching & learning, Cognitive, physical & moral education

Outdoor Education

Risk & danger, In natural environment, Challenging,

Mastery play

Physical development

Symbolic play

Role rehearsal

Rule-bound play

Cognitive development

Active leisure

Physically energetic activities in your free time

Purposeful leisure

Leisure activities controlled by the state for social control

Passive recreation

Activities in your leisure time that are not physically demanding

Categories of Sport

Athletic, Gymnastic, Game

Categories of Game

Invasion, Net/wall, Striking & Fielding, Combat, Target

Subjective danger

Feeling of anxiety but no real risk

Objective danger

Potential danger due to the natural environmant


Bending the rules for your own gain


Paying a performer to play sport


Playing sport for the love of it


Fair play and etiquette in sport

Benefits of sport/recreation to society

Social control e.g. less anti-social behaviour, Economic benefits e.g. more job opportunities, and Social integration

Benefits of sport/recreation to individual

Health & fitness, Team work, Personal achievement

Objectives of PE

Physical, Motor, Cognitive & Affective development

School sport

Extra-curricular, more competitive and tactical, coaches rather than teachers

Positive values of sport

Sportsmanship, Amateurism, Competitive, Assertion

Negative values of sport

Gamesmanship, Win at all costs, Cheating, Aggression

Factors increasing leisure time

Reduced working hours, Labour saving devices, High unemployment, decrease in religious practice

Factors affecting type of leisure

Increased disposable income, Increased public sector provision, Popular culture

National Curriculum Key Stage 1

Knowledge and skills through Dance, Games and Gymnastic. New skills, movement and co-ordination

National Curriculum Key Stage 2

Dance, Games and Gymnastic plus 2 from Swimming, Athletic and OE. Creativity and imagination

National Curriculum Key Stage 3

Games, plus 3 from Dance, Gymnastic, Swimming, Athletic and OE (1 must be Dance or Gym), Variety of roles e.g. official, leader

National Curriculum Key Stage 4

2 from Games, Dance, Gymnastic, Swimming, Athletic and OE. Competing, performing, promoting health or fitness

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