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Mitosis and Meiosis vocabulary
Honors biology vocabulary for Dr. Fowler!
Terms in this set (12)
the usual method of somatic cell division (body cells), resulting in two identical new daughter cells from the original cell
a domain of organisms having cells each with a distinct nucleus within which the genetic material is contained along with other membrane-bound organelles
any organism having cells in each of which the genetic material is in a single DNA chain, not enclosed in a nucleus. The cell does not contain membrane-bound organelles
The cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell, consisting of a growth phase (interphase) followed by division phases (prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase).
A process by which enzymes "unzip" the DNA Helix and add complimentary nucleotides to the exposed bases resulting in two identical DNA strands.
Reproduction occurring without the sexual union of male and female gametes (sex cells)
Having a pair of each type of chromosome, so that the basic chromosome number is doubled: All cells in your body (somatic cells) except the sex cells are diploid.
having only one complete set of chromosomes
a mature sexual reproductive cell, such as a sperm or egg
the cell produced by the union of two gametes, before it undergoes mitosis.
A pair of matching chromosomes in an organism, with one being inherited from each parent (Homologous means: Corresponding or similar in position, value, structure, or function).
the exchange of corresponding segments of homologous chromosomes (along with their genes [alleles]).
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