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17 terms

AP Gov Key Terms - Chapter 16

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Bush Doctrine
Foreign policy based on the idea that the United States should take preemptive action against threats to its national security
executive agreement
an agreement between the president and another country that has the force of a treaty but does not require the senate's "advice and consent"`
"joint resolution"
legislative disapproval that the president cannot veto
embedded journalists
deal to provide access and protection in return for "responsible" reporting
client-state
a nation-state whose foreign policy is subordinated to that of another nation
unilateralism
a foreign policy that avoids international alliances, entanglements, and permanent commitments in favor of indepence, neutrality and freedom of action
multilateralism
a foreign policy that encourages the involvement of several nation-states in coordinated action, usually in relation to a common adversary with terms and conditions usually specified in a multicountry treaty, such as NATO
containment
the primary cold war foreign policy of the United States during the 1950s and 1960s, whereby the United States used its political, economic, and military power to prevent the spread of communism to developing or unstable countries
deterrence
the development and maintenance of military strength for the purpose of discouraging attack
diplomacy
the representation of a government to other foreign governments with the purpose of promoting national values or interest by peaceful means
United Nations (UN)
an organization of nations founded in 1945 to serve as a channel for negotiation and a means of settling international disputes peacefully
multilateral treaty
a treaty among more than two nations
bilateral treaty
a treaty between two nations
Napoleonic role
a strategy pursued by a powerful nation to prevent aggressive actions against itself by improving the internal state of affairs of a particular country, even if this means encouraging revolution in that country. This strategy is based on the assumption that countries with comparable political systems will never go to war against each other.
Holy Alliance role
a strategy pursued by a superpower to prevent any change in the existing distribution of power among nation-states, even if this requires intervention in the internal affairs of a country in order to keep an authoritarian ruler from being overturned
balance-of-power role
the strategy whereby countries for alliances with one country or several other countries to counterbalance the behavior of other, usually more powerful, nation-states
economic-expansionist role
the strategy often pursued by capitalist countries whereby the foreign policies that are adopted are those that will maximize the success of domestic corporations in their dealings with other countries