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12 terms

Theology Chapter 4 Vocab

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Agony in the Garden
The mental, moral, and physical agony suffered by Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, where he prayed after the Last Supper but before his arrest. He asked the Father, if possible, to remove the cup of His Passion and Death but the Father's will be done.
Ascension
Forty days after his Resurrection, the entry of Christ's humanity into divine glory.
Crucifixion
A form of execution in which the prisoner is nailed or otherwise affixed to a cross and left to die of asphyxiation.
Descent of the Holy Spirit
Fifty days after Passover, the Apostles, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the other disciples were gathered in the Upper Room during the Jewish Feast of Pentecost, which celebrates the giving of the Law to Moses on Mt. Sinai, The Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and was given to the Church. This event is considered the "birthday" of the Church.
Kenosis
Greek for "emptying", it refers to Christ having emptied himself by becoming man and taking on human nature.
Last Supper
The Passover meal Christ and his Apostles celebrated before his arrest. Christ instituted the Sacraments of the Eucharist and Holy Orders at the Last Supper.
Resurrection
The bodily rising of Christ from the dead, as he had foretold, on the third day after his Death on the Cross and burial in the tomb. By virtue of his Resurrection, Christians have the hope of resurrection with Christ on the Last Day.
Passion
The suffering of Christ leading up to his Death.
Stations of the Cross
The pious practice of meditating upon Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection. This may be done either
Suffering Servant
In fulfillment of Isiah 53, Christ, the Suffering Servant, suffered and died on the Cross to gain the redemption of mankind.
Temptations in the Desert
Following the Baptism of Christ by St. John, Christ fasted and prayed in the wilderness for forty days. During this time, he was tempted by Satan. Unlike our first parents and their descendants, Christ overcame the temptations of the Devil.
Transfiguration
The divine glory of Christ was manifested to Sts. Peter, James, and John on Mt. Tabor. While there, Christ spoke with Moses and Elijah and was called "Son" by a voice from Heaven.