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separation of powers
Principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution and are given to the national government
powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
writ of habeas corpus
a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why the person is being held
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