the branch of government that makes the laws.
the branch of government that enforces the laws
the branch of government that interprets laws
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution
introduction to the Constitution
the notion that the power lies with the people
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
separation of powers
Principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution and are given to the national government
powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
freedom to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
the banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas
a formal request
spoken untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
printed untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
A court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspect's home or business and take specific items as evidence
a formal charge by a grand jury
a group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime
being tried twice for the same crime
following established legal procedures
the right of government to take private property for public use
a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial
the right to vote
writ of habeas corpus
a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why the person is being held
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person without a jury trial
ex post facto laws
laws that make an act a crime after the act has been committed
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