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16 terms

The Constitution and the Bill of Rights

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legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the laws.
executive branch
the branch of government that enforces the laws
judicial branch
the branch of government that interprets laws
federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
amend
To change
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Preamble
introduction to the Constitution
popular sovereignty
the notion that the power lies with the people
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
separation of powers
Principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
expressed powers
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution and are given to the national government
reserved powers
powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
writ of habeas corpus
a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why the person is being held
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person without a jury trial
ex post facto laws
laws that make an act a crime after the act has been committed