88 terms

AP103 Lab Bones

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Posterior bump, pointing down on vertebra
spinous process
little wings (medial) on vertebra
articulating processes (facets)
big hole in vertebra
vertebral foramen
between the vertebra
intervertebral disc
C1 cervical vertebra (flat no bump)
atlas
C2 cervical vertebra (bump in center)
axis
thinner vertebra
thoracic vertebra
thicker vertebra
lumbar vertebra
5 discs bonded together
sacrum
pointy end of the sacrum
coccyx
top of the sternum
manubrium
middle of the sternum
body
bottom of the sternum
xiphoid process
soft bone between the sternum and the true ribs
costal cartilage
first 7 pairs of ribs
true ribs
middle ribs that share a common cartilage connection to the sternum
false ribs
last two ribs that connect to spine but not the sternum
floating ribs
S shaped bone
clavicle
big projection off of scapula that is superior and points lateral
acromion process
attaches the acromion process to the scapula and points posterior
spine
flat connection on scapula for humerus points laterally
glenoid fossa
small projection off of scapula and points anterior and lateral
coracoid process
big smooth bulge on proximal end of humerus, points medial
head
big bump on proximal end of humerus opposite of head, points lateral
greater tubercle
little bump on proximal end of humerus points anterior
lesser tubercle
big bump on distal end of humerus points lateral
capitulum
middle valley at distal end of humerus
trochlea
large divot on posterior proximal end of humerus
olecranon fossa
small divot on anterior proximal end of humerus
coronoid fossa
proximal flat circular end of radius
head of radius
bump near the end of the head of the radius
radial tuberosity
whole C shape at proximal end of ulna; open end forward
olecranon process
inside of the olecranon process on proximal end of ulna
trochlear notch
carpals (hands)
8,7,6,5
4-3,2,1
Thumb at 1-5
scaphoid
lunate
triquetral
trapezium
trapezoid
capitate
hamate
distal to carpals and proximal to phalanges
metacarpals I - V (thumb #1)
phalanges (3 types)
proximal
middle (not thumb)
distal
pelvic bone
os coxae
superior surface of coxal bone
iliac crest
big elephant ear on coxal bone
ilium
portion of the circle on inferior end of coxal bone that points down
ischium
portion of the circle on inferior end of coxal bone that forms a joint with other half
pubis
seat bone on coxal
Ischial tuberosity
where the two coxal bones joint together anterior
pubis symphysis
where the femur attaches to the coxal bone
acetabulum
hole in the coxal bone
obturator foramen
proximal smooth bulb of femur
head
big bump near head of femur, proximal and lateral
greater trochanter
little bump near head of femur, proximal and posterior
lesser trochanter
bumps near distal end of femur
medial and lateral condyles
kneecap bone
patella
proximal end of tibia
medial and lateral condyles
bump on proximal anterior end of tibia
tibial tuberosity
projection on medial distal end of tibia
medial malleolus
pointy end of fibula
lateral malleolus
tarsals (foot)
-567
3 4
1 2
calcaneus
talus
cuboid
navicular
3 cuneiforms
foot proximal to phalanges distal to tarsals
metatarsals I - V
bump on proximal end of metatarsal V
base of 5th metatarsal
foot phalanges
proximal
middle (not big toe)
distal
forehead
frontal bone
very top of skull
parietal bone
base at posterior of skull
occipital bone
hole in occipital bone
foramen magnum
bumps on either side of foramen magnum
occipital condyles
skull surface around ear hole
temporal bone
bump on temporal bone posterior and inferior to ear hole
mastoid process
ear hole in temporal bone
external auditory canal
gap within mastoid process
mastoid sinus
spike on temporal bone that is anterior and medial to mastoid process
styloid process
bridging between frontal and temporal/parietal bones (temples of interior)
sphenoid bone
gap in sphenoid bone
sphenoid sinus
U shape divot in superior surface of sphenoid bone (on base of skull)
sella turcica
stuck in the middle of sphenoid bone, part of skull
ethmoid bone
projections on side of nasal cavity
middle turbinates
mid-line of nasal cavity
nasal septum
top of nasal cavity
cribriform plate
skull right above nasal cavity
nasal bone
upper jaw
maxilla
where your teeth grow
alveolar process
hole behind nasal cavity in eye socket
lacrimal bone
cheek bone
zygomatic bone
lower jaw
mandible
where lower jaw (on it) attaches to skull
mandibular condyles
posterior third of palate
palatine bone
bone that divides nasal cavity in half
vomer bone
projections inside of nasal cavity lower
inferior turbinates
baby head
fetal skull
joints between all skull bones
sutures
soft spots on baby skull
fontanels