PHB Quiz 7 & 8

A 12-year-old male jumped approximately 12 feet from a tree and landed on his feet. He complains of pain to his lower back. What injury mechanism is MOST likely responsible for his back pain?
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Terms in this set (63)
An EMT's primary responsibility to the patient who has been poisoned is to:recognize that a poisoning occurredHeroin is an example of a(n):OpioidHypotension, hypoventilation, and pinpoint pupils would be expected following an overdose of:oxycodone (Percocet)Most poisonings occur via the __________ route.ingestionSubstance abuse is most accurately defined asmisusing a substance to produce a desired effect___________ is what you can see of a person's response to the environmentBehaviorA technique used to gain insight to a patients thinking, which involves repeating in question form what the patient has said, is calledreflective listeningAfter ensuring his or her own safety, the EMT's next priority when caring for a patient with a behavioral emergency is to:assess the patient's response to his or her environmentPosttraumatic stress disorder can happen after :exposure to or injury from a traumatic occurrenceSigns of excited delirium include:diaphoresis, tachycardia, and hallucinations.The single most significant factor that contributes to suicide isdepressionThe term "behavior crisis" is MOST accurately defined asa situation in which a patient of any age exhibits agitated, violent, or uncooperative behaviorWhen assessing a patient who is displaying bizarre behavior, the EMT should:Consider that an acute medical illness may be causing the patients behaviorYou receive a call for a domestic dispute. When you arrive at the scene, you find a young male standing on the front porch of his house. You notice that an adjacent window is broken. The patient has a large body, is clenching his fists, and is yelling obscenities at you. Which of the following findings is LEAST predictive of this patient's potential for violence?His large body sizeA raised, swollen, well-defined area on the skin that is the result of an insect bite or sting is calleda whealEpinephrine is indicated for patients with an allergic reaction when:wheezing and hypotension are presentImmediately after giving an epinephrine injection, you should:properly dispose of the syringeThe effects of epinephrine are typically observed within ___________ following administration1 minuteThe stinger from a honeybee should be:scraped away from the skin.The two MOST common signs of anaphylaxis are:urticaria and angioedemaUrticaria is the medial term forhivesWhich of the following sounds indicates swelling of the upper airway?StridorWhile auscultating breath sounds of a patient who was stung multiple times by a yellow jacket, you hear bilateral wheezing over all lung fields. This indicates:narrowing of the bronchioles in the lungsWhich of the following interventions is the MOST critical to the outcome of a patient with multisystem trauma?Rapid transport to a trauma centerExtrication is defined as:removal from a dangerous situation or position.Upon arriving at the scene of a law enforcement tactical situation, you should ensure your own safety and then:report to the incident commander for instructions.During your assessment of a patient who experienced a blast injury, you note that he has a depressed area to the front of his skull. The injury MOST likely occurred:when the patient was hurled against a stationary object.While assessing a young male who was struck in the chest with a steel pipe, you note that his pulse is rapid and irregular. You should be MOST suspicious for:bruising of the heart muscle.While en route to a major motor vehicle crash, an on-scene police officer advises you that a 6-year-old male who was riding in the front seat is involved. He further states that the child was only wearing a lap belt and that the air bag deployed. On the basis of this information, you should be MOST suspicious that the child has experienced:neck and facial injuriesWhich of the following statements regarding gunshot wounds is correct?The speed of a bullet has the greatest impact on the injury produced.Which of the following injuries would MOST likely occur as a direct result of the third collision in a motor vehicle crash?Aortic ruptureTwo of the MOST common mechanisms of injury for blunt trauma are:falls and motor vehicle collisions.A young male sustained a gunshot wound to the abdomen during an altercation. As your partner is assessing and managing his airway, you should control the obvious bleeding and then:assess for an exit wound.When removing a critically injured patient from his or her vehicle, you should:protect the cervical spine during the entire process.A 40-year-old unrestrained female impacted the steering wheel of her vehicle with her chest when she hit a tree while traveling at 45 mph. She is conscious and alert, but is experiencing significant chest pain and shortness of breath. Which of the following injuries is the LEAST likely?Head injuryA 30-year-old male sustained a stab wound to the neck when he was attacked outside a nightclub. During your assessment, you should be MOST alert for:potential airway compromise.A 15-year-old female was struck by a small car while riding her bicycle. She was wearing a helmet and was thrown to the ground, striking her head. In addition to managing problems associated with airway, breathing, and circulation, it is MOST important for you to:stabilize her entire spine.When assessing a patient who experienced a blast injury, it is important to remember that:primary blast injuries are the most easily overlooked.The cervical spine is MOST protected from whiplash-type injuries when the:headrest is appropriately positioned.What types of motor vehicle collisions present the greatest potential for multiple impacts?Rotational and rolloverIf a person is standing near a building that explodes, which of the following injuries would he or she MOST likely experience as a result of the pressure wave?Eardrum ruptureBy what mechanism is a person injured when he or she falls from a significant height?Potential energy is converted to kinetic energy; the kinetic energy is then converted into the work of bringing the body to a stopYour unit has been dispatched to stand by at the scene of a structure fire. There are no injuries of which you are aware. Upon arriving at the scene, you should:ask the incident commander where the ambulance should be staged.A unique consideration when dealing with a hybrid vehicle is that:the battery has higher voltage than a traditional vehicle battery.Upon arriving at the scene of a motor vehicle crash, you can see three patients, one who is entrapped in his car and two who have been ejected from their vehicle. You should:immediately request additional resourcesWhich of the following statements regarding the rapid extrication technique is correct?Rapid extrication is indicated if the scene is unsafe and the patient is not entrapped in his or her vehicle.Your primary concern when arriving at the scene of a motor vehicle crash is:surveying the area for hazards.The EMT's role at the scene of a search and rescue attempt is to:stand by at the command post until the person is located.When the speed of a motor vehicle doubles, the amount of kinetic energy:quadruplesYou respond to the residence of a 55 year old women with a possible allergic reaction to peanuts that she ate approximately 30 minutes. The patient is conscious and alert, but has diffuse urticaria and the feeling that she has a lump in her throat. As partner applies oxygen to the patient, you should:ask her if she prescribed epinephrineWhich of the following statements regarding epinephrine administration via the intramuscular (IM) route is correct?The 1:1000 concentration should be usedAn overdose of acetaminophen, the active ingredient in Tylenol, will MOST likely cause:liver damage and failure.Internal injuries caused by gunshot wounds are difficult to predict because:the bullet may tumble or ricochet within the body