Manorialism

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serfs
Although free peasants continued to exist, increasing numbers of free peasants became _____, or peasants legally bound to the land.
*Provide labor services, pay rents, be subject to the lord's control.
tithe
Peasants were obligated to pay a ______, a tenth of their produce, to their local village churches.
thatched
Roof in peasant households were often ________.
seasons
The _______ of the year largely determined peasant activities.
*August + September = hectic harvest.
*October=planting winter crops.
November=slaughtering of livestock.
Christmas, Easter, Pentecost
The three great feasts of the Catholic Church were _________, ______, and _________.
bread
The basic staple of the peasant diet, and the medieval diet in general, was _____.
*Contained wheat, rye, barely
wine
The most common drink for the upper class was ____.
ale
The most common drink for the lower class was ___.
Hanseatic League
In the thirteenth century a medieval trade association, the _________ ______, developed in the Baltic and North Sea region.
*An alliance of over one hundred northern European cities that banded together for mutual trade protection + economic opportunity.
money economy
a ____ _______ is an economic system based on money rather than barter.
commercial capitalism
__________ __________ is an economic system in which people invested in trade and goods for profit.
Champagne
To encourage trade in the 1100's, the counts of _________ in northern France initiated a series of annual trade fairs.
*Northern European merchants brought furs, woolen cloth, tin, hemp, and honey to trade for cloth and swords from northern Italy and the silks, sugar, and spices of the East.