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scientific method

a series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions

scientific thought

Scientific thought involves making observations, using evidence to draw conclusions, being skeptical about ideas, and being open to change when new discoveries are made.

traditional religious

pertaining to time-honored orthodox doctrines, images of women have provided the basic for the subordination of women

newton galileo

Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars


Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)

rene descartes

French philosopher and mathematician, French philosopher and mathematician


having the sun as the center


a tentative theory about the natural world

ptolemy theory

His theory is a earth-centered universe, and everything revolved around the earth.

geocentric theory

Earth is the center of the universe. Aristotelian.


the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation


the overthrow of a government by those who are governed

common sense

sound practical judgment


Scala Nature
-Great Chain of being
-described all known living things
-This work influenced Western thought until Darwin

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