Week 2

List common mechanisms by which infections are spread
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Terms in this set (19)
Define the 'Anatomical Position' and use appropriate anatomical terminology to describe body axes, planes of section, and relationships between parts of the body- body in a standing position - head, palms and feet facing forwardDescribe examples of the commonly used imaging modalities in medicine (radiograph, CT, MRI, ultrasonography)Radiograph: type of x-ray (bones) CT: x-ray images taken around the body (bones, blood vessels and soft tissue) MRI: magnetic fields and radio waves produce detailed images (any part of body) Ultrasonography: sound waves to produce images of structures (organs and other tissues)Identify the embryonic origin in terms of endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm of different body layers and the major viscera of the thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities.endoderm: innermost layer that forms the stomach, colon, urinary bladder etc mesoderm: middle layer forms bones and cartilage ectoderm: deepest tissue layer, epithelial cell lining of gut, resp. tract, thyroidDescribe and explain soft tissue healing healing and repair - the key stages and timescales4 stages: bleeding, inflammation, proliferation, remodelling Timescale: bleeding (hours), inflammation (days), proliferation (weeks), remodelling (months)Describe and explain risk factors for healthy healing of soft tissues- history of injury - weak muscles - mechanical dysfunction - high risk activities - decreased flexibilityUnderstand the muscle injury mechanisms and methods of investigation- bruising - spraining - laceration check for: - tenderness - range of motionExplain basic principles of person centred care in a biopsychosocial framework for soft tissue impairmentconsider: - stage of muscle healing - individual hopes, fears and support approaches: - medical - surgical - conservative - complimentaryDescribe similarities and differences in health professional roles in the management of person with a muscle injuryphysio: - promote optimal management and tissue healing - promotes exercise - educates about self management - electrotherapy OT: - treat physical mental ailments radiographer: - MRIOutline complementary therapies individuals might seek to assist in their management of their musculoskeletal problem- acupuncture - supplements - meditation - massage - aromatherapy