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APUSH Period 4
Terms in this set (23)
What is the Revolution of 1800?
First time a party gave power to the opposing power peacefully (Adams to Jefferson)
Adams response to losing vs Jefferson
- doesn't attend the inauguration
Judiciary Act- created 16 new federal judgeships ensuring a federalist hold on judiciary. accused of court packing with "midnight appointments"
Marbury vs. Madison
1803 Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 1801-1835
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
Gibbons v. Ogden
Federal government controls interstate commerce/trade
John Adams, John Marshall, Alexander Hamilton, Henry Clay
pro bank, loose interpretation, central gov, pro england
popular democratic republicans
thomas jefferson, aaron burr, andrew jackson
democratic republican ideas
no bank, strict interpretation, power within states, pro french
Embargo Act of 1807
Jefferson says no trade with foreign nations, but caused U.S. to fall into economic depression. was supposed to hurt england/french for interfering with the U.S. foreign affairs during Napoleon Wars
pirates that demanded bribe for US passage bc they knew the US navy was weak "mosquito fleet"
Jefferson's Vice President; killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel. was eventually tried for treason
This Act lifted all embargoes on American shipping except for those bound for British or French ports.
Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain, had a strong sense of nationalism, and wanted to takeover British land in North America and expand.
Causes of the War of 1812
British impressment of sailors, British seizure of neutral American trading ships, and War Hawks eager for a fight (nationalism)
Battle of New Orleans
A battle during the War of 1812 where the British army attempted to take New Orleans. Jackson defeated them, which gave him an enormous popularity boost.
Ended the Federalist Party; listed complaints about the government and wanted to make a lot of changes many did not support at the time (ex: 2/3 majority for commercial regulation, repeal 3/5 compromise)
Effects of the War of 1812
Hartford convention, rise in U.S. recognition and respect globally, capital is rebuilt, bigger navy, arts/English is expanded
Era of Good Feelings
Democratic Republicans dominate politics during Monroe's two terms
Tallmedge Amendment (1819)
wanted no more slaves in missouri and make it free state but is replaced by missouri compromise
36-30 line created by Dixon. Anything above line is free state, and below is slave state. Missouri becomes slave state
warns foreign nations to stay out of Western Affairs
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