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Section 2.3


a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form polymers


a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers


an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals


a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars


an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents

nucleic acid

(biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotid chains that are vital constituents of all living cells


a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside


any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells

amino acid

organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group

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