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9 terms

Carbon Compounds

Section 2.3
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monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form polymers
polymer
a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
carbohydrate
an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals
monosaccharide
a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars
lipid
an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents
nucleic acid
(biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotid chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
nucleotide
a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside
protein
any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells
amino acid
organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group