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carbon compounds

section 2.3
STUDY
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monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form polymers
polymer
a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
carbohydrates
the starches and sugars present in foods
lipid
an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents
nucleic acid
an organic compound, either RNA or DNA, whose molecules are made up of one or two chains of nucleotides and carry genetic information
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
protein
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes
amino acid
organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group