34 terms

Elements of Music

STUDY
PLAY
Dynamics
the volume of music
forte
loud
piano
soft
mezzo piano
medium soft
mezzo forte
medium loud
pianissimo
VERY soft
fortissimo
VERY loud
crescendo
to gradually get louder
decrescendo
to gradually get softer
Tempo
The speed of music
largo
VERY slow
adagio
slow
andante
walking tempo
moderato
medium tempo
allegro
fast
presto
fast and lively
prestissimo
as fast as possible!
accelerando
to gradually get faster
rallentando
to gradually get slower
Melody
sequence of notes satisfying to the ear
Harmony
supports the melody
chord
type of harmony when at least three notes are played simultaneously
drone
when one note is sustained while other notes change above it
Timbre
the unique sound of an instrument or voice
tone color
another word for timbre
Rhythm
a series of notes and rests that creates a beat
time signature
a musical device that tells how many beats are in a measure; also known as METER
Form
the structure of music
binary form
form with 2 parts; AB format
ternary form
form with 3 parts; ABA format
fugue
form in which melodies chase each other
theme and variations
form in which a main melody is messed with
rondo
form with the pattern ABACADA...
12 bar blues
popular form used in jazz, rock, and country that is 12 measures long
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