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School Counseling Final
Terms in this set (148)
Person-centered counseling works well when treating students who _________________________________.
Exhibit mild to moderate anxiety and adjustment and interpersonal disorders
Appreciating diversity helps counselors to effectively develop a trusting relationship with students. Which of the following is not an example of diversity?
The psycho-educational model of cognitive behavior theory includes four steps. Which of the following is not included in the model?
Deciding on the best method of change and implementing the course of action
The comprehensive school counseling program based on the ASCA National Model ______________________________________________.
empowers school counselors to place themselves front and center in the restructuring process of their school systems
When exploring issues with students, counselors can use paraphrasing to:
Capture the intent of both the content and the meaning
Educational reform initiatives are not new in America. ___________________ (1983) began over 30 years ago to draw public attention to the mediocrity threatening American education.
A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform
The American School Counselor Association continued to define the role of the school counselor and advocated for school counselors to become _______________
and assume a leadership role in education reform.
agents of change
Counseling is a complex _________________ in which the counselor establishes a trusting and confidential working relationship with a student or groups of students.
School counselors will refer students to a mental health professional in an agency, clinic or private practice setting when ____________________________________.
Their needs go beyond the scope of practice of a school counselor
Relationship building starts:
With the initial contact between counselor and student
What are the three main approaches in behavior therapy?
The stimulus-response model, applied behavior analysis and social-cognitive theory
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which is the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, embodied five primary goals. School counselors aligned their work with NCLB's five primary goals by: ensuring all students graduate; contributing to instructional success; having the appropriate credentials for certification and/or licensure; and, ____________.
contributing to a school climate that is safe and respectable
Counseling is a continuous process and the stages are not necessarily
Essential to the goals of improving schools and the teaching and learning process is ______________________________________________________.
the school counselor, a specialist in student growth and academic, career, and personal-social development
Which of the following is not a role focus of a transformed school counselor?
mental health provider for individual and group counseling
Which of the following is not a focus of counseling in schools?
Conducting in-depth psychotherapeutic intervention
When working with students who show resistance to change and lack of commitment to the counseling process, counselors need to display ____________________________ .
Unconditional acceptance and understanding
For most students, goals need to be clearly stated, positive in nature, and approached ___________________________.
In small increments
The Existential approach teaches clients to shift the process of thinking from
An outward to an inward approach
What is the purpose of the counseling program in a school setting?
to impart specific skills and facilitate learning opportunities for students in a proactive and preventive manner
If the learning style of students are appropriately identified, then...
an effective form of differential instruction and curricula can be developed to help our minority students succeed
The school counseling core curriculum is a sequence of learning activities and strategies that address___________________________.
academic, career and social-emotional development of every student
Counseling skills and techniques underpin the ability of school counselors to lead, advocate, use data to contribute to school improvement, and:
team and collaborate with other school professionals
The delivery of school services are NOT affected by:
profound psychological problems
Which of the following are NOT standardized tests commonly used in a school setting?
School counselors can play important leadership roles in helping to develop and organize:
Which of the following is NOT essential in a successful program for building resiliency?
counselor led after school programs
Which of the following should NOT occur with group members in a group counseling setting?
revealing deeply personal information
School counselors keep their focus by
aligning their work to the goals of school improvement and student needs
The comprehensive national standards-based school counseling program ________________________________.
empowers school counselors to be leaders in providing student-centered education in America's schools
Counseling in schools is viewed as learning, problem solving, and a _____________________________ process.
Testing and assessment have evolved over the years from an initial focus on ____________________ to the more complex processes of psychological appraisal and evaluation.
Fostering resiliency requires instilling in students the attitude that ___________.
strengths are more powerful than problems
Traditional school counseling practice has been perceived as _________________ rather than proactive and positive in helping students succeed.
reactive and remedial
Advocating for _________________ involves having a shared vision to guide change, leadership capabilities to drive the change, and strategies to implement change.
Advocating for a school counseling program includes ___________________.
planning a program curriculum to develop strategies that address student needs
An emotionally and physically safe school that supports equal opportunities for all students is the result of a collaborative advocacy to improve _______________________.
Expert power is________________________________.
power that derives from possession of specialized knowledge, information, or expertise
power that comes from positive relationships with others
Having a "leadership mindset" means the school counselor _______________________.
views her or his position as critical in supporting indicators of student success represents the principal at the local business roundtable meeting
If a student management data system is inadequate, school counselors should _________________________.
advocate that the district make improvements to its system organize the teachers and conduct a strike
Leadership responsibilities for school counselors include___________________________.
collaborating with others to break down institutional barriers evaluating teachers and assisting in student discipline
School counselors are ideally situated to serve as conduits of information and practices to promote a _____________.
social justice agenda
School counselors who have strong personal/social consciousness skills and understand equity issues are __________________________.
contributing to a global society in which students who have not traditionally been served well in the past have a change to acquire the skills necessary to unconditionally participate in a 21st-century economy
do not take risks
School counselors who are effective leaders demonstrate their skills by _______________.
collaborating with the internal school community and the external community to help students realize their potential
Select the phrase that best describes collaborative leadership.
a distributive leadership.
The goal of a career guidance program should be to ____________________.
empower every child to become her or his own advocate
The source of caring power is the__________________________________.
passion of the individual
The source of transformational or developmental power is the______________________.
ability to empower others
Those who belong to "socially devalued populations" are people ___________________.
whose opportunities are adversely stratified by policy, procedures, and practices
To implement systemic change school counselors must __________________________.
have data and strategies to support and implement the change
When practicing team building, which of the following is NOT something to consider?
Establish expectations without the need to review them
Which of the following does not define school counseling and social advocacy?
accepting the status quo
Which of the following characteristics is crucial for a school counselor who desires to be an advocate in a school setting?
personal/social consciousness focus
Which of the following partnerships will gain support for the school's counseling program?
principal and school counselor(s)
A federal law that governs the disclosure of information from educational records is known as __________________.
A school counselor has a "duty of care" to a student when___________________.
a "special relationship" exists
All of the following are steps for ethical action except ____________________________.
do not consider parental rights
Counselors must understand the culture and the prevailing written and unwritten standards of the community, school district, and individual work site and behave sensitively toward the culture and consistently with:
Ethical standards are intended to _________________________________.
standardize professional practice and protect students and counselors
Ethics are __________________________________________.
the customs, mores, standards, and accepted practices of a profession
In writing letters of recommendation for students, it is appropriate for school counselors to____________________________.
paint a picture of the student highlighting his/her strengths
The benchmark that courts use to determine what would be the actions of the reasonably competent professional school counselor is called _________________________________.
the standard of care
The function of laws on federal, state, and local levels is to____________________.
provide minimum standards that a society will tolerate
The law requires that school counselors report sexual harassment to school officials _____________________________________________.
under all circumstances
The school counselor's ethical obligation when delivering a comprehensive school counseling program is to ____________________________________________.
deliver a program that aligns with state, local and school board mandates and is respectful of all aspects of diversity and to acquire the requisite awareness and skills to do so
When the student is a danger to self or others, when the student or parent requests that information be revealed, or when there is a court order and the student does not have privileged communication are three examples of times when the school counselor__________________________________.
must breach confidentiality
Which of the following is NOT a measure that can avoid negligence in school settings?
providing specific referrals to helping agencies
Which of the following is NOT one of Kitchener's basic moral principles?
__________________ is a legal imperative concerning information provided by the student.
A comprehensive and developmental approach ensures that_________________.
every student benefits from a program that emphasizes academic, career, and personal/social developmental growth and learning.
Activities in individual student planning with students include goal setting, career planning, and ______________________.
commitment to behavioral goals
After school counselors report how their time is spent with students, _____________ accountability is how they can go a step further and assess the impact that time spent had on students.
An example of a critical data element is the____________________.
Critical data elements are important to school counselors because ______________________________________.
counselors can impact data to make a difference in schools
Data-driven school counseling __________________________.
is aligned with the goals of school improvement
In 1997, the Education Trust defined a new vision for school counselors that emphasized______________________.
a commitment to support high levels of student achievement
Myrick (1997) reminded us that developmental school counseling is for every student, and has an organized and planned curriculum that is ____________________.
sequential and flexible
One way in which technology can assist the school counselor is to ______________________________.
help in making informed decisions about student scheduling, attendance, discipline, test score history, and grade point averages
School counselors are challenged to promote school counseling's contributions to the school improvement agenda. They can do this by______________________________.
sharing accountability for student success
The ASCA National Model for school counseling programs asserts ___________________________.
the importance of programs having an accountability system
The Foundation Quadrant of the ASCA Model describes the whatof the program, and addresses what every student should know and be able to do. Which of the following is NOT a component of the Foundation?
time and task analysis
The National Standards for School Counseling Programs tied the work of school counseling programs to the mission of schools and encouraged school counselors to assume a __________________________________ in school counseling reform.
The four quadrants of the ASCA model are: Foundation, Delivery, Management, and Accountability. The Accountability quadrant encourages school counselors to___________________________.
intentionally contribute to closing the achievement gap and meet the goals of the school
Through MEASURE, it is possible to directly link the work of school counselors to________________.
What are the three accepted and respected approaches to program models according to the ASCA National Model?
comprehensive, developmental and results-based approaches
Which of the following is NOT a system support activity?
Which of the following is the best example of outcome data?
success rates in school resulting from participation in conflict resolution programs
Which of the following groupings identifies the key domains of school counseling for student development?
academic, career and personal-social development
Working from a programmatic perspective helps counselors respond to the needs and goals of the entire school community, and _______________.
use data to inform decisions
Culture is the sum total of ways of living including core beliefs, societal values, patterns of thinking and communication, and __________________________, all of which a group of people have developed to assure their positions in a particular environment.
Population experts predict that by the year _______________there will be no majority race or ethnicity in the United States and that every American will be a member of a minority group.
Regardless of the level of the work setting, school counselors must make a commitment to ____________________________________ in their schools.
create a climate of caring and respect
Research suggests that sexual minority youth are most likely to first disclose that they are gay, lesbian, or questioning their sexual identity, to _________________________.
a school counselor
School counselors acknowledge that __________________________ can influence counseling, guiding, advising and encouraging students.
personal biases and prejudices
Schools, as important learning and social communities, are significant conduits for promoting ___________________________.
acceptance, respect and harmony
The 2010 census data reveals that _______________ of all families of all races had incomes below the poverty line.
The Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development developed competencies around three domains: Counselor Awareness of Own Values and Biases, Counselor Awareness of Client's Worldview, and _____________________________.
Culturally Appropriate Intervention Strategies
The primary goal for creating culturally compatible schools is to ensure that an atmosphere of ________________________ is at the heart of the learning community.
respect, understanding and caring
Twenty-first century schools are social arenas in which students that represent truly diverse behavioral styles, attitudes and orientations, and different value systems are brought together with one goal in mind, which is to______________________.
maximize their potential as human beings
What is the name given to the practice of sorting students based on their abilities, which results in setting them on an educational path that can predetermine their futures?
What is the school counselor's ethical obligation when delivering a comprehensive school counseling program?
To deliver a program that is respectful of all aspects of diversity and to acquire the requisite awareness and skills to do so
Which of the following must NOT be valued by school counselors in today's schools?
Which of the following is NOT a contributing factor to lower levels of achievement among lower SES students?
English as a second language
Which of the following is NOT pertinent to the range of diversity within cultures and subcultures?
A learning disability can be defined as a deficit in _______________________ psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language.
one or more
Eligibility for special education can occur when a student's response to ____________________ still does not result in achieving grade-level objectives such as academic benchmarks or expected peer performance levels.
both the core instruction and supplemental interventions
Like RtI, Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) requiresthe use of continuous monitoring, data-based decision making, and ___________________ .
an intervention continuum
Response to Intervention (RtI) is the practice of providing _____________________ with evidence-based core instruction and interventions to meet the instructional needs of all students.
School counselors recognize the critical importance of early intervention for struggling students and recognize the importance of all being actively involved in all of the following EXCEPT
organizing after school programs
School counselors, serving as social justice advocates, can ensure that students with learning and instructional differences are _________________ all of the students who are considered part of the mainstream.
treated with the same respect and are given the same opportunities as
Teachers and school counselors use outcome data for all of the following reasons EXCEPT ______________________________.
to gather constructive criticism on their own performance and make adjustments
The ______________________ is the written record of the needs of each student and the procedures to provide services.
Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
Which is NOT a procedural step in the initial steps for special education placement?
Which of the following is a theory on intelligence that provides insight into how children, adolescents, and adults gather and apply information to solve problems and behave appropriately?
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Which question is NOT part of the Problem Solving Model (PSM)?
When should we act?
_______________ have been consistently overrepresented in special education for more than three decades.
African American Students
________________________ is intensive support and ensures that every student who needs it receives it in addition to the core instruction.
__________________ is one of the goals of special education to make education life for those with disabilities as culturally normative as possible.
_____________________ reflects the school personnel's approach to providing a quality grade-level curriculum.
Which of the following is NOT a contributor to criminal and violent behavior?
Which is the most common form of school violence?
Goal 4 of the______________________________ charged educators to ensure that every school needs to be safe and drug-free.
No Child Left Behind Act
Which of the following is NOT listed formally as principle of character education?
Students may feel ___________________ to report bullying or fear that telling an adult will exacerbate the bullying problem.
ashamed or embarrassed
Sexual harassment began to receive national attention as a result of the updated Hostile Hallways study (2001) which revealed that __________ percent of girls and 79 percent of boys had received unwanted sexual attention in school.
The Office of Civil Rights requires that each school district, as part of Title IX compliance, have in place _______________________.
specific policies and procedures to address sexual harassment
There is a difference between a disruptive student and a violent student. Violent students __________________________.
bringing weapons to school
Which of the following is NOT considered a risk factor for violent behavior?
School counselors are often the first personnel in a school building to be aware of ________________________
school and student issues that impact school climate
Research confirms that most children who are troubled show _________
multiple warning signs
As leaders and advocates, school counselors can publicly acknowledge the issues, be catalysts to seek solutions, and collaborate with colleagues to set in motion proactive prevention programs such as ______________________ and ___________________ to address climate and relational issues.
peer mediation/character education
According to the U.S. Department of Education Office of Safe and Healthy Schools, schools that are successful in creating a positive climate and reducing acts of violence employ actions that include all of the following EXCEPT:
working with parents to address behavior problems
Students who feel ________________ are less likely to become involved in violent behavior, substance abuse, or experience emotional distress.
engaged in and connected to school
Which of the following is NOT included in crisis management plans?
guidelines for avoiding the media
When students develop ____________________________ and understand the connection between their studies and future opportunities, they have an easier time learning academic subjects.
a strong sense of self
Holland's ________________, an assessment tool, is based on the theory of career typology and is the basis for most of the career inventories in use today.
Parents or caregivers have ____________________ effect on youth decision-making.
Which of the following is NOT part of Super's Life Span-Life Space approach to career development?
Which theorist used the perception that people are attracted to a given career by their personalities?
The ________________when fully implemented, will provide all students with a K-12 education that will provide high school graduates a full range of options and opportunities to choose their paths after high school.
Common Core State Standards
The approaches of Super, Holland, Krumboltz, and Bandura offer school counselors a philosophical and theoretical knowledge foundation to construct age-appropriate career oriented systems that consider developmental life stages, personality influence, ___________________________, and self-confidence to best prepare today's youth for the careers of tomorrow.
Krumboltz has proposed that career success often results from _____________________________.
Teaching Learning and Innovation Skills, Information, Media and Technology Skills, Core Subjects and 21st Century Themes, and Life and Career Skills are recommended by the __________________ to prepare students to succeed in the 21stcentury.
Partnership for 21st Century Skills
Counseling helps students connect their desire for ____________________, establish a sense of who they are, and initiate the necessary and essential changes to help them get where they are going.
Which of the following is NOT a strategy used in career guidance?
high stakes testing
School counselors are encouraged to identify competencies that involve students in all aspect of a comprehensive career development system including career awareness, exploration, assessment, counseling, and planning utilizing school counseling core curriculum; individual student planning; and ________________________.
Over the course of a lifetime, a high school dropout in the United States earns $260,000 less than a high school graduate and _________________less than a college graduate.
1 million dollars
__________________, a recent national study of high school juniors and seniors, concluded that the students surveyed received little or no career guidance outside of their homes.
Decisions without Directions
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