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Wesleyan History Ch 7-3, 5th grade

Wesleyan History Ch.7-3notes from book, 5th grade
STUDY
PLAY
jazz
a music style influenced by the music of West Africa as well as by spirituals and blues
renaissance
a time of great interest and activity in the arts
During the Roaring Twenties nearly every part of life in the U.S. changed, including the ______.
arts
_________ & the _______ made the arts available to more of the nation's people than ever before.
Radio,movies
Until the 1920's, radios were used as __________ ____________. They enabled people to speak to one another over long distances.
wireless telephones
People such as _________, David Sarnoff soon saw other uses for ______.
radio
David Sarnoff was a ________ __________. His plan was ot broadcast music to the radios in people's homes,
radio operator
What was David Sarnoff's plan?
to broadcast music to the radios in people's homes
Many people say the very 1st broadcast by a radio station was done on November 2,1920 from the top of an office building in ___________,____________.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Many say the 1st broadcast by a radio station in Pennsylvania was by 2 announcers for the radio station KDKA. The broadcast was about the _______ of the _______ election.
results, presidential
The election that was said to be broadcast on the radio was when Warren G. _________ won against James M. _______.
Harding, Cox
By the end of the 1920's, more than _______ stations had joined KDKA on the air, and more than ____ __________ people in the U.S. owned RADIOS.
600,13 million
With radios, people could listen to _______ & ______. Radios also brought ___________ events from around the country into people's homes.
music, news, sporting
Many heard histoy making events such as the moment Gene _________ won a 10 round boxing match against Jack ___________.
Tunney,Dempsey
Many listened to the radio while slugger George Herman "______" _______ hit his 60th home run in 1927.
"Babe" Ruth
Listening to sports on the radio helped encourage people to ________________________________________, and to ________ ____________ themselves.
go to sporting events, play sports
Attendance at football ames, basketball games, & other competitions went _________ during the 1920's.
up
Name 2 sports that gained popularity in the 1920's.
tennis & golf
Like radio, the movies began before the 1920's, but early movies were __________.
silent
It was DURING the 1920's that movies got _________.
sound
What was the 1st movie with voices (1927)?
"The Jazz Singer"
Within 3 years after the 1st movie with voices, millions of people were going to "_______", or movies with sound,each WEEK.
talkies
Movies with sound were called _________.
"talkies"
Two movies other than "The Jazz Singer" people enjoyed watching were ______________ and _______________.
"Wings" , "The Kid"
Both radios & movies brought a common ____________ to the people of the U.S..
culture
For the 1st time people from Main to California could hear the same ________ and the same ________ on the radio.
music, shows
Radio & movies help people learn waht life was like in other parts of the _________ _________.
United States
________ __________ was a painter who drew inspiration for her artwork from the different places where she lived.
Georgia O'Keeffe
During the 1920's O'Keeffe painted many ______ scenes of tall _________ & _________.
city, buildings, crowds
After spending time in ______ __________, O'Keeffe began painting scenes that reflected the landscape of the _______-___________ United States.
New Mexico, south-western
many of O'Keeffe's paintings show images of _________________________, _______________, & ______________.
animal bones, flowers, deserts
New types of writing developed in the 1920's. ____________ _________ was an example of this. He became famous for his PLAIN but VIVID writing style.
Ernest Hemingway
Other writers, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald and Sinclair Lewis wrote about _____________ ______________.
society's problems
Three artists who often painted realistic pictures of everyday scenes & of exciting events of the time were______________________, ______________________________, & ________________________________.
Georgia O'Keeffe, Edward Hopper, & Charles Burchfield
What was the music of the 1920's?
jazz
What was jazz influenced by?
the traditional music of West Africa as well as by ragtime, spirituals, and blues music
Jazz was also influenced by blues music sung by African Americans such as ____________ ___________.
Bessie Smith
Some believe jazz started in clubs on the south side of ______________. Others think it began in _________________________ with music that African Americans played during funeral marches.
Chicago, New Orleans
Some people think jazz began in ___________________ with the music that African Americans played during __________ marches.
New Orleans,funeral
Name 2 of jazz's earliest performers.
Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton
_________ was the 1st truely American form of music.
Jazz
Jazz began in the __________ & the ____________ in the early 1900s & can now be heard around the world.
South, Midwest
What makes jazz unique?
improvised playing
What is improvised playing?
playing in which musicians create different melodies as they play
During the 1900's jazz developed many styles, including swing, bebop,and fusion. It also influenced ____________ _______ __________ and other kinds of popular music.
rock and roll
Today jazz continues to surprise its listeners. As saxophone player ________ ___________ said, "There are always new sounds to imagine; newfeelings to get at.".
John Coltrane
Jazz was well liked by both black & ________ Americans.
white
Jazz was so popular that the 1920's are sometimes referred to as the ________ ________.
Jazz Age
Music writers are known as __________.
composers
Who were 2 of the decade's most popular composers (they were brothers)? They did not write jazz, but their music was influenced by jazz.
George & Ira Gershwin
___________ Gershwin became famous for pieces like "Someone to Watch Over Me" and "Rhapsody in Blue".
George
Aaron Copland, a composer known for his __________ style, used jazz in his "Music for the Theater" & "Piano Concerto".
modern
Stylish women from the times were known as "______________".
flappers
In addition to listening to new music, people tried new _________.
dances
People used ot enjoy ballroom dances, now they danced the ______________.
Charleston
Describe the Charleston.
a dance that had fast movements and high kicks
People flocked to theaters to see plays. Musical comedies such as those written by George M. __________ were very popular.
Cohan
_____________ wrote the words & music for 20 musicals and starred in them as well.
Cohan
During the 1920's what was the name of the neighborhood that became a center for African American writers,musicians, & artists?
Harlem
Where was Harlem?
in northern Manhattan in New York City
So many artists lived & worked in Harlem during the 1920's that this period has another nickname. What was it?
the Harlem Renaissance
Renaissance is French for " ________".
rebirth
Many people went to Harlem clubs to see performances by singers like __________________ & _________________.
Billie Holiday, Ethel Waters
Many people went to Harlem clubs to see dancers like ________________________ .
Bill "Bojangles" Robinson
Many peoplr went to Harlem clubs to see band leaders like _______________________.
Duke Ellington
Many people read the works of writers such as ______________________, _________________, &_______________________.
Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, Zora Neale Hurston
Langston __________ was another popular Harlem writer who often wrote about what it was like to be African American in the Unitede States.
Hughes