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Wesleyan History Ch.7-3notes from book, 5th grade


a music style influenced by the music of West Africa as well as by spirituals and blues


a time of great interest and activity in the arts

During the Roaring Twenties nearly every part of life in the U.S. changed, including the ______.


_________ & the _______ made the arts available to more of the nation's people than ever before.


Until the 1920's, radios were used as __________ ____________. They enabled people to speak to one another over long distances.

wireless telephones

People such as _________, David Sarnoff soon saw other uses for ______.


David Sarnoff was a ________ __________. His plan was ot broadcast music to the radios in people's homes,

radio operator

What was David Sarnoff's plan?

to broadcast music to the radios in people's homes

Many people say the very 1st broadcast by a radio station was done on November 2,1920 from the top of an office building in ___________,____________.

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Many say the 1st broadcast by a radio station in Pennsylvania was by 2 announcers for the radio station KDKA. The broadcast was about the _______ of the _______ election.

results, presidential

The election that was said to be broadcast on the radio was when Warren G. _________ won against James M. _______.

Harding, Cox

By the end of the 1920's, more than _______ stations had joined KDKA on the air, and more than ____ __________ people in the U.S. owned RADIOS.

600,13 million

With radios, people could listen to _______ & ______. Radios also brought ___________ events from around the country into people's homes.

music, news, sporting

Many heard histoy making events such as the moment Gene _________ won a 10 round boxing match against Jack ___________.


Many listened to the radio while slugger George Herman "______" _______ hit his 60th home run in 1927.

"Babe" Ruth

Listening to sports on the radio helped encourage people to ________________________________________, and to ________ ____________ themselves.

go to sporting events, play sports

Attendance at football ames, basketball games, & other competitions went _________ during the 1920's.


Name 2 sports that gained popularity in the 1920's.

tennis & golf

Like radio, the movies began before the 1920's, but early movies were __________.


It was DURING the 1920's that movies got _________.


What was the 1st movie with voices (1927)?

"The Jazz Singer"

Within 3 years after the 1st movie with voices, millions of people were going to "_______", or movies with sound,each WEEK.


Movies with sound were called _________.


Two movies other than "The Jazz Singer" people enjoyed watching were ______________ and _______________.

"Wings" , "The Kid"

Both radios & movies brought a common ____________ to the people of the U.S..


For the 1st time people from Main to California could hear the same ________ and the same ________ on the radio.

music, shows

Radio & movies help people learn waht life was like in other parts of the _________ _________.

United States

________ __________ was a painter who drew inspiration for her artwork from the different places where she lived.

Georgia O'Keeffe

During the 1920's O'Keeffe painted many ______ scenes of tall _________ & _________.

city, buildings, crowds

After spending time in ______ __________, O'Keeffe began painting scenes that reflected the landscape of the _______-___________ United States.

New Mexico, south-western

many of O'Keeffe's paintings show images of _________________________, _______________, & ______________.

animal bones, flowers, deserts

New types of writing developed in the 1920's. ____________ _________ was an example of this. He became famous for his PLAIN but VIVID writing style.

Ernest Hemingway

Other writers, such as F. Scott Fitzgerald and Sinclair Lewis wrote about _____________ ______________.

society's problems

Three artists who often painted realistic pictures of everyday scenes & of exciting events of the time were______________________, ______________________________, & ________________________________.

Georgia O'Keeffe, Edward Hopper, & Charles Burchfield

What was the music of the 1920's?


What was jazz influenced by?

the traditional music of West Africa as well as by ragtime, spirituals, and blues music

Jazz was also influenced by blues music sung by African Americans such as ____________ ___________.

Bessie Smith

Some believe jazz started in clubs on the south side of ______________. Others think it began in _________________________ with music that African Americans played during funeral marches.

Chicago, New Orleans

Some people think jazz began in ___________________ with the music that African Americans played during __________ marches.

New Orleans,funeral

Name 2 of jazz's earliest performers.

Louis Armstrong and Jelly Roll Morton

_________ was the 1st truely American form of music.


Jazz began in the __________ & the ____________ in the early 1900s & can now be heard around the world.

South, Midwest

What makes jazz unique?

improvised playing

What is improvised playing?

playing in which musicians create different melodies as they play

During the 1900's jazz developed many styles, including swing, bebop,and fusion. It also influenced ____________ _______ __________ and other kinds of popular music.

rock and roll

Today jazz continues to surprise its listeners. As saxophone player ________ ___________ said, "There are always new sounds to imagine; newfeelings to get at.".

John Coltrane

Jazz was well liked by both black & ________ Americans.


Jazz was so popular that the 1920's are sometimes referred to as the ________ ________.

Jazz Age

Music writers are known as __________.


Who were 2 of the decade's most popular composers (they were brothers)? They did not write jazz, but their music was influenced by jazz.

George & Ira Gershwin

___________ Gershwin became famous for pieces like "Someone to Watch Over Me" and "Rhapsody in Blue".


Aaron Copland, a composer known for his __________ style, used jazz in his "Music for the Theater" & "Piano Concerto".


Stylish women from the times were known as "______________".


In addition to listening to new music, people tried new _________.


People used ot enjoy ballroom dances, now they danced the ______________.


Describe the Charleston.

a dance that had fast movements and high kicks

People flocked to theaters to see plays. Musical comedies such as those written by George M. __________ were very popular.


_____________ wrote the words & music for 20 musicals and starred in them as well.


During the 1920's what was the name of the neighborhood that became a center for African American writers,musicians, & artists?


Where was Harlem?

in northern Manhattan in New York City

So many artists lived & worked in Harlem during the 1920's that this period has another nickname. What was it?

the Harlem Renaissance

Renaissance is French for " ________".


Many people went to Harlem clubs to see performances by singers like __________________ & _________________.

Billie Holiday, Ethel Waters

Many people went to Harlem clubs to see dancers like ________________________ .

Bill "Bojangles" Robinson

Many peoplr went to Harlem clubs to see band leaders like _______________________.

Duke Ellington

Many people read the works of writers such as ______________________, _________________, &_______________________.

Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, Zora Neale Hurston

Langston __________ was another popular Harlem writer who often wrote about what it was like to be African American in the Unitede States.


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