Spring 2016 Greek Vocabulary McCloughan
Terms in this set (38)
a sheltered place along a coast used to protect boats and ships
an area of land almost entirely surrounded by water
a Greek island in the Mediterranean Sea, southwest of Greece. It is the larger of the two Greek Islands
a Greek island, near what is today Turkey
a peninsula in east-central Greece on the Aegean Sea on which Athens was built
a mountainous peninsula in Southern Greece, between the Ionian and Aegean Sea on which Sparta was built
An ancient seafaring civilization located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Our alphabet is also from this civilization.
citizens that voted on issues that concerned their city
groups of citizens who hear evidence and make decisions in a court of law
search for wisdom and the right way to live
war fought between the Athens and Sparta in the 400s BC. Ending in victory for Sparta
battle formation of infantry standing in close ranks with their shields and long spears overlapping each other
a person who is a skilled public speaker
leader of Athens around 450BC - allowed all citizens to take part in the government
teacher who angered people in Athens because he encouraged his students to question.
student of Socrates who wrote down Socrates' ideas
Macedonian King - father of Alexander the Great
marble temple to Athens in the center of the Acropolis
powerful kingdom north of Greece - home of Philip II and Alexander the Great
city-state at the heart of a region that controlled nearby villages
walled hill where people went to seek safety in times of enemy attack
open area where farmers and local craftwords would meet to trade and other citizens to conduct business.
a traded product; such as pottery, olive oil, wine
a person who has rights and responsibilities in their community.
rule by a single ruler
rule by a group of rich and powerful citizens
rule by the people - citizens have a say in government
a long poem that tells a story
a famous greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
early civilization in Greece - wealthy trading culture - lived on Crete
conquered the Minoans; found on Peloponnesus; disappeared
largest greek city-state; found on Peloponnesus peninsula
famous Greek city-state; found on Attica peninsula
gods and goddesses were believed to live here
Greek ideas blended with African and Asian traditions to produce a new culture - Hellenism. Attributed to Alexander the Great
General - Phillip II's son - who created the largest empire of its time - from Macedonia - conquered all the land from Greece to the Indus Valley.
famous Athens philosopher - was Alexander's private teacher-tutor.
many cities were renamed Alexandria after Alexander the Great conquered them. The most famous Alexandria is the one in Egypt and where a famous library is housed.
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