# Florida Legal Guidelines Sample Questions

Which statement is true when a peace officer makes an arrest by warrant? LG1

A. the officer must always inform the person to be arrested as to the cause of the arrest
B. the officer needs to have a copy of the arrest warrant at the time of the arrest
C. upon request the officer must show the arrest warrant to the person to be arrested as soon as it is practical to do so
D. all of the above
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Which statement is true when a peace officer makes an arrest by warrant? LG1

A. the officer must always inform the person to be arrested as to the cause of the arrest
B. the officer needs to have a copy of the arrest warrant at the time of the arrest
C. upon request the officer must show the arrest warrant to the person to be arrested as soon as it is practical to do so
D. all of the above
C. upon request the officer must show the arrest warrant to the person to be arrested as soon as it is practical to do so

A peace officer making an arrest by a warrant shall inform the person to be arrested of the cause of arrest and that a warrant has been issued, except when the person flees or forcibly resists before the officer has an opportunity to inform him or her, or when giving the information will imperil the arrest. The officer need not have the warrant in his or her possession at the time of the arrest. However, on the request of the person arrested the officer shall show it to him or her as soon as practicable (F.S. §901.16).
When preparing an affidavit following a warrantless arrest, the officer should in the beginning of the affidavit: LG2

A. explain the circumstances in which contact was first made with the arrest
B. justify that contact as a consensual encounter
C. explain why the contact, if not based on consensual encounter, was supported by reasonable suspicious or PC
D. all of the above
D. all of the above

Arrest Affidavits. When preparing an affidavit following a warrantless arrest, the officer should explain in the beginning of the affidavit the circumstances under which contact was first made with the arrestee, and should justify that contact as a consensual encounter or explain why it was supported by reasonable suspicion or probable cause.
Which of the following is the exception to the rule which requires the issuance of an arrest warrant before an arrest can be made inside a home? LG3

A. when a person has committed a violent crime, is armed inside the home, and there is a likelihood the person may escape, or pose a serious danger to the officer and citizens
B. if the officer obtains a consent to enter the home from the owner or leaser
C. in the case of a hot pursuit for a fleeing felon
D. all of the above
D. all of the above

(1) A police officer can make a warrantless entry where a suspect has committed a violent crime, and he or she is inside the premises and armed and there is a likelihood that he or she will escape; or the suspect(s) poses a serious danger to the police and or citizens.
(2) If an officer obtains a consent to enter the premises from an owner or lessor, an arrest warrant is not required to enter the premises.
(3) "Hot pursuit" of a fleeing felon. U.S. v. Santana, 427 U.S. 38 (1976) (check agency policy).
D. none of the above

A complete narrative of the offense including the day, time, place, lighting conditions, etc., and the name and address of the accused. All facts should be included which should be sufficient for a showing of probable cause for the arrest. All elements of the charged offense as required by the applicable statute or ordinance should be covered.
In loitering and prowling arrests, which circumstance should be considered when determining if a justifiable and reasonable alarm existed for the safety of persons, property, or vicinity? LG5

A. the person takes flight upon the appearance of a law enforcement officer
B. the person refused to identify himself
C. the person manifestly endeavors to conceal himself or any object
D. all of the above
D. all of the above

Among the circumstances which may be considered in determining whether such alarm or immediate concern is warranted is the fact that (1) the person takes flight upon appearance of a law enforcement officer, (2) refuses to identify himself, or (3) manifestly endeavors to conceal himself or any object.
C. fighting

To arrest for a violation of F.S. §877.03 based strictly on language (as opposed to physical action), an officer must observe the suspect using "fighting words," words which by their very utterance inflict injury or tend to incite an immediate breach of the peace, or words, known to be false, reporting some physical hazard in circumstances where such a report creates a clear and present danger of bodily harm to others (for example, yelling "fire" in a crowded building)
Which of the following statements is true regarding the use of force? LG7

A. a police officer is justified in the use of force even if the arrest is unlawful
B. a police officer cannot use drawn weapons during a Terry Stop
C. a police officer can use deadly force if the officer reasonably believes it is necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm
D. all of the above