Grade 5 Social Studies Chapter 2 Combined
Terms in this set (77)
Land formations of the Eastern United States
Hills, mountains, plains and valleys
Area covered by the Eastern Woodland
Covered the land from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Lakes
Inhabitants of the Eastern Woodlands
Food of the Eastern Woodland Indians
Deer, bear, rabbits, syrup from the sap of maple trees, wild rice, crops
Communities of the Eastern Woodland Indians
Lived as farmers in villages near fresh water
Cut and burn
Woodland Indians would cut down the trees and then burn the field before planting
The Three Sisters
Staple crops of the Woodlands: corn, beans and squash
Homes of the Southern Woodland Indians
Homes had no walls, just a roof to protect from the sun
Clothing of the Southern Woodland Indians
Light clothing made from woven grass
Homes of the Northern Woodland Indians
Longhouses--large houses made with wood poles and bark that families lived in, used fire for cooking and warmth
People of the Longhouse
The Haudenosaunee tribe
"People of the Longhouse"; part of the Iroquois Nation; lived in New York State; separate nations that had one language; sometimes they competed for control of the land; they formed a confederation
A type of government in which separate groups of people join together, but local leaders still make decisions for their group
Nations of the Confederation
Each nation had a chief; all chiefs had to agree
Clan Mothers of the Haudenosaunee
Oldest women of the clan; they chose the chiefs; if they thought the chief was not doing a good job, they could replace him
Belts made of carefully cut pieces of sea shell that were strung like beads; they were used for trading and to tell stories of important events
To trade goods without using money; Haudenosaunee bartered fur for blankets and knives
Known for their skills in building skyscrapers
Empire State Building, Golden Gate Bridge
Tribes of the Western Plains
Ojibwa & Comanche. Comanche were called "The Lords of the Southern Plains" because of their wealth.
Similar to a sled, made with two poles and buffalo skin, pulled by dogs, used to help move Western Plains Indians' belongings.
A person who moves around and does not live in one place, people of the Western Plains.
Homes of Western Plains
Lived in cone-shaped shelters called teepees that were covered with buffalo skin and decorated with painted designs, porcupine quills and other things.
Came from Wyoming and by 1700s lived in Oklahoma and Texas.
Government of the Comanche
Divided themselves into groups with leaders called chiefs, they would meet to talk over issues.
Conflict on the Western Plains
Tribes often fought about the control of the land and natural resources.
About 8,500 in U.S. today, live in Oklahoma and Texas, still have pow-wows, have their own government.
One of the oldest tribes in the Southwest. One of the Pueblo Indians.
Located in the center of North America from the Missippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Texas to Canada.
Horses on the Western Plains
Spanish explorers called conquistadors brought horses in the 1500's, made Western Plains Indians life much easier. They measured their wealth by how many horses they owned, Comanche could shoot an arrow while at full gallop.
Homes of the Eastern Plains
Lived in lodges made of bark, earth and grasses.
Life on the Eastern Plains
Farmed in the spring and fall. Hunted buffalo in summer and winter.
Western Plains use for buffalo
Ate the meat, carved bones into tools, rope from fur, tail was sly swatter, skin covered their shelter, blankets, clothing and shields.
Vegetation on the Western Plains
Little rainfall, so shorter grasses.
Vegetation on the Eastern Plains
Plenty of rainfall, so grasses grew up to eight feet tall.
Tribes of the Eastern Plains
Pawnee, Omaha and Lakota.
A special event at which people gather to express important beliefs.
A name for several tribes in the Southwest.
Clay used to make houses, food containers and pots.
A high elevated plain in the desert.
The main food source for people. Example: Hopi-->corn, Inuit-->salmon.
A dance that the Hopi did to pray for a good harvest.
Lived in villages with one leader. Grew corn, beans and squash. Were caretakers of the land.
A small plateau.
A way of supplying water to crops with streams, ditches or pipes.
(who they are)
One of the oldest tribes in the Southwest. One of the Pueblo Indians.
Made out of cedar bark, because they were not farmer or herders, and so they had no cotton or wool.
Groups of related families.
One of the largest American Indian groups in the Pacific Northwest.
A tree that was used for dugouts, clothing, building and totem poles.
Extra; to have more than you need.
Spent indoors with blankets made of cedar bark; pastimes included weaving, carving, painting, sewing, dances, ceremonies, potlatches.
A large feast that could last for several days that celebrated important events with huge amounts of food.
Live in Southeastern Alaska, strong clan ties; they wear clan symbols on their clothing or jewelry; still have potlatches.
A tall cedar pole with carved figures of humans and animals that were placed at the entrance of homes.
Two most important Tlingit resources
Salmon and cedar trees.
Strict rules about behavior; they had to pay a fine if they were rude or mean to each other.
A canoe made out of a cedar log that was used on trading trips along the seacoast and in the ocean to hunt whales.
The coastal area that stretches from Alaska to Northern California
Built near the coast and rivers for easier hunting and trading.
Ancient people who built their towns on the sides of cliffs, 4-5 stories high. Called cliff dwellers.
Lived in Central Mexico. Tenochtitlan was their capital city with hundreds of building, 250,000 people and many large temples.
People living in North America before Columbus arrived.
People who built giant mounds out of earth to bury their dead with jewelry, tools and pottery.
To change a way of life to fit the environment.
A group of people living together who have systems of government, religion and culture.
The Spanish word for town.
results of agriculture
Changed the food that people ate. Changed the way people lived; they could stay in one place.
first people to practice agriculture
People in present-day Mexico.
Farming or growing plants for food.
Ancestors of modern Native Americans who crossed the land bridge.
Movement of animals or people from one region to another.
A land bridge located by the Bering Strait that is on the ocean floor that became grassland and formed a bridge between Asia and North America.
A huge, thick sheet of slowly moving ice.
theories on how the first humans got to North America
Hunters crossed the land bridge between Asia and North America.
People traveled by boat along the coast or across oceans.
An explanation or belief about how things happened or will happen.
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