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the process of actively relating new information to knowledge that is already in memory.
visual imagery encoding
the process of storing new information by converting it into mental pictures
the process of categorizing information according to the relationships among a series of items
a type of storage that holds nonsensory information for more than a few seconds bu less than a minure
combining small pieces of information into larger clusters or chunks that are more easily held in short-term memory
act of elaborative encoding: judgments that require participants to think about the meaning of the word (ex. is hat a type of clothing?) (offers much better memory for words)
act of elaborative encoding: judgments that require participants to think about the sound of a word (does hat rhyme with cat?)
act of elaborative encoding: judgments that require participants to think about the appearance of the words (is HAT written in uppercase or lowercase?)
survival encoding condition
participants asked to imagine they were stranded in the grasslands of a foreign land, condition where participants remembered more words than moving or pleasantness tasks
the region that acts as a kind of "index" that links together all of these otherwise separate bits and pieces so that we remember them as one memory
the inability to transfer new information from the short-term store to the long-term store
the inability to retrieve information hat was acquired before a particular date, usually the date of an injury or operation
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