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Terms in this set (62)
Plants can be broken into two main categories
Nonvascular (Bryophytes) And Vascular Plants
Vascular Plants can be broken into two categories
Seedless and Seeds
Seeded plants can be broken into two categories
Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
Plants evolved from this that also led to charophytes
What are the distinguishing characteristics of plants?
They have tissue-producing apical meristems, The Alternations of Generations Life Cycle, Sporangia + Gametangia, and Embryos depend on parents
The only place where mitosis takes place in plants
These produce walled spores
These produces gametes
Most plants have (not all)
Cuticles, Vascular Tissue and Secondary Compounds
Waxy coating that prevents water loss
This transports water and nutrients to/from the plant
Chemical compounds produced by plants for repelling or attracting predators or pollinators.
Name the 3 phylum of the Bryophytes (Nonvascular Plants)
Bryophyta, Hepatophyta, Anthocerophyta
Give Example: Bryophyta
Give Example: Hepatophyta
Give Example: Anthocerophyta
Bryophytes are small and are restricted to low growth in moist habitats because
They lack lignified tissue and the sperm has to swim to the egg
Which generation is the dominant gen in Non. Vas. Plants
This is the main mode of dispersal in Non. Vas. Plants
This type of plants have true: roots, leaves and stems with lignified vas. tissue + have moss-like ancestors
Seedless Vascular Plants
The two lignified vascular tissues in vascular plants are
Xylem and Phloem
This carries H2O and minerals up from roots
This transports food from leaves
This generation is the dominant generation in Vascular Plants.
Like nonvascular plants , seedless vascular plant have __ sperm
Like nonvascular plants, seedless vascular plants have _____ as their main mode of dispersal.
Spores can be dispersed through
Wind, Insects, Etc.
The two phyla in the seedless vascular group are
Lycophyta and Monilophyta
Example of Lycophyta
Examples of Monilophyta
Ferns, Horsetails, Whisk Ferns
Ferns have a small, independent
Mass of tangled green filaments in mosses that forms during germination
The female anatomy of a plant is composed of
Stigma, Style, Ovary, Ovule, Egg
The male anatomy of a plant is composed of
Anther, Filament, Pollen
All seed plants produce this instead of sperm
The dominant generation in seed plants, like seedless , is this generation.
The female gametophyte is retained within the what which develops from an ovule.
The main mode of dispersal of seeded plants.
Sperm gets to the egg in seeded plants in the form of
A plant species that has two kinds of spores: microspores that develop into male gametophytes and megaspores that develop into female gametophytes.
Naked seeds on cones, nonflowering seeded plants
Name the four phyla under Gymnosperm
Ginkgophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, Coniferophyta
Give example of: Ginkgophyta
Give 2 examples of: Cycadophyta
Give 5 examples of: Coniferophyta.
Pines, Firs, Spruces, Junipers, Cedars
The largest phyla of Gymnosperm
Flowering/covered seed plants
Phyla under the Angiosperms
The angiosperm life cycle differs from the alternation of generations cycle in that there is
The double nuclei is fertilized by one of the sperms and produces the _______. (food)
The single nuclei egg is fertilized by one of the sperms and produces the _____.
Egg & sperm are
Seeds develop from the
Fruit develops from the
The purpose of fruit is to disperse
The two major classes of Anthophyta are ____ and ____.
Monocots have _ seed leaves while dicots have _ seed leaves.
Name all the types of Monocots
Grass, Grains, Lilies, Orchids, Palms, and Yuccas
Name all the types of Dicots
Apple Trees, Roses, Vegetable Crops, Etc.
What 3 things caused coevolution in animals and plants
Predation of Plants by Animals, pollination of Plants By Animals, and seed dispersal by animals
Embryos surrounded by a female gametophyte tissue surrounded by sporophyte tissue
Pine seeds (box within in a box within a box)
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