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33 terms

Politics in Britain (Chapter 8)

AP Comparative Government (Chapter 8)
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Cabinet
the senior ministers appointed by the prime minister
centralization
the process of giving more power, importance, or influence to central government
class
social status as determined by occupation, income, or education
Conservative Party
formerly the Tory party, Britain's most important right-of-center party and one of the two major parties in the British party system
Crown
the British symbol of government authority
decentralization
the process of giving more power, importance, or influence to local governments
devolution
delegation of authority
Downing Street
where the prime minister's residence is located
first past the post
plurality voting
government
the ruling body of the United Kingdom
House of Lords
the upper, non-elected house of the British parliament
individualist theory of government
theory that government's role is to represent individuals rather than organized group interests
insider pressure groups
interest groups that have values in harmony with every party and can negotiate
interest group theory of government
theory that government's role is to balance the demands of competing groups and classes in society
Irish Republican Army
a militant organization of Irish nationalists who used terrorism and guerilla warfare in a push for independence
Labour Party
Britain's leading democratic socialist party and one of the two major parties in the British party system
Liberal Democratic Party
Britain's "third" party and the closest one to a "left" currently in Parliament
multiparty system
a competitive party system consisting of more than two major parties
Northern Ireland
one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (situated across the Irish Sea)
outsider pressure groups
interest groups that do not have values in harmony with the governing party and, therefore, cannot negotiate but turn to the media
Parliament
the legislative body of the United Kingdom, consisting of the House of Commons and the House of Lords
prime minister
the British head of government
privatization
process of converting government enterprises into privately owned companies
quangos
quasi-autonomous nongovernmental organizations, such as advisory committees or administrative tribunals
Scotland
one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (situated north of England)
territorial justice
the belief that the same standards of public policy ought to apply everywhere in the country
Thatcherism
Margaret Thatcher's political ideology of free market, free trade
trusteeship theory of government
"the government's job is to govern"
United Kingdom
the state of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
unwritten constitution
a jumble of acts of Parliament, judicial pronouncements, customs, and conventions that determine the decision rules of politics in Britain
Wales
one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (situated west of England)
Westminster
the district in London where Whitehall, Downing Street, and Parliament are all located
Whitehall
the London street of offices where many major government offices are located