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AP English Poetry Terms Set 2

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Paradox
a situation or action or feeling that appears to be contradictory but on inspection turns out to be true or at least make sense
Parallelism
a similar grammatical structure within a line or lines of poetry. Is characteristic of Asian poetry, being notably present in the Psalms, and it seems to be the controlling principle of the poetry of Walt Whitman
Paraphrase
a restatement of ideas in such a way as to retain the meaning while changing the diction and form. Is often and amplification of the original for the purpose of clarity
Personification
a king of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or abstract ideas to human characteristics
Poetic Foot
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
Pun
a play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings. Can have serious as well as humorous uses.
Quatrain
a four-line stanza with any combination of rhymes.
Refrain
a group of words forming a phrase or sentence and consisting of one or more lines repeated at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza.
Rhyme
close similarity or identity of sound between accented syllables occupying corresponding positions in two or more lines of verse. The vowels in the accented syllables must be preceded by different consonants, such as "fan" and "ran".
Rhyme Royal
a seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed "ababbcc", used by Chaucer and other midevil poets.
Rhythm
the recurrence of stressed and unstressed syllables. The presence of rhythmic patterns lends both pleasure and heightened emotional response to the listener or reader.
Sarcasm
a type of irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it. Its purpose is to injure or to hurt.
Satire
writing that seeks to arouse a reader
Scansion
a system for describing the meter of a poem by identifynig the number and the type(s) of feet per line.
Sestet
a six-line stanza. Most commonly refers to the second division of an Italian sonnet.
Simile
a directly expressed comparison; a figure of speech comparing two objects, usually with "like," "as," or "than". It is easier to recognize a simile than a metaphor because the comparison is explicit: my love is like a fever; my life is deeper than a well.
Sonnet
normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter poem. The conventional Italian, or Petrarchan is rhymed abba, abba, cde, cde; the English, or Shakespearean, is rhymed abab, cdcd, efef, gg.
Stanza
usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme.
Strategy
the management of language for a specific effect. The rhetorical of a poem is the planned placing of elements to achieve an effect. The rhetorical of most love poems is deployed to convience the loved one to return to the speaker's love. By appealing to the loved one's sympathy, or by flattery, or by threat, the love attempts to persuade the loved one to love in return.
Structure
the arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work. The most common units of it in a poem are the line and stanza.