32 terms

AP US History Chapter 31

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Al Qaeda
a network of Islamic terrorist organizations, led by Osama bin Laden, that carried out the attacks on the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, the USS Cole in Yemen in 2000, and the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001
Globalization
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
World Trade Organization (WTO)
Administers the rules governing trade between its 144 members. Helps producers, importers, and exporters conduct their business and ensure that trade flows smoothly.
Group of Eight(G8)
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North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
An economic pact that combined the conomies of the United States, Canada, and Mexico into one of the world's largest trading blocs.
Multinational Corporations
An organization that manufactures and markets products in many different countries and has multinational stock ownership and multinational management
Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET)
created in response to Sputnik I; agency to initiate new technology and protect the U.S. from missiles that could be launched from space
World Wide Web
A system for finding information on the Internet through the use of linked documents.
Culture War
A split in the United States reflecting differences in people's beliefs about private and public morality, and regarding what standards ought to govern individual behavior and social arrangements.
Immigration and Nationality Act
(also known as the Hart-Celler Act or the INS Act of 1965) abolished the national-origin quotas that had been in place in the United States since the Immigration Act of 1924. An annual limitation of 170,000 visas was established for immigrants from Eastern Hemisphere countries with no more than 20,000 per country. By 1968, the annual limitation from the Western Hemisphere was set at 120,000 immigrants, with visas available on a first-come, first-served basis. The democratic controlled Congress (House of Representatives voted 326 to 69) in favor while the Senate passed the bill by a vote of (76 to 18). President Lyndon Johnson signed the legislation into law.
Multiculturalism
A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions.
Proposition 209
passed in CA, which banned state affirmative action programs based on race, ethnicity, gender in public hiring, contracting, and educational admissions
Operation Rescue
movement in which people prevented people from going into abortion clinic
Defense of Marriage Act
1996, Declares that states are not obligated to recognize any same sex marriages that might not be legally sanctioned in other states, defined marriage and spouse in heterosexual terms for federal law
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
1989, Upheld a Missouri law that imposed restrictions on the use of state funds, facilities and employees in performing, assisting with, or counseling on abortions.
Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey
again, it upheld Roe, but added new restriction (24 hour waiting period, mandatory counseling, and minors needed permission). It also created the undue burden standard - all new restrictions had to be judged by whether or not they create an undue burden for the mothers.
Lawrence v. Texas
Policemen, entering a private home to follow through with a weapon tip, discovered two men, Lawrence and Garner, engaging in consensual sex. According to the Homosexual Conduct law, the two men were placed under arrest for engaging in homosexual relations. Result: The Texas law violates both of the men's 14th A. rights to engage in private conduct without intervention from the government. - violates the 14th and 4th A. - no legit state interest.
Contract with America
In the 1994 congressional elections, Congressman Newt Gingrich had Republican candidates sign a document in which they pledged their support for such things as a balanced budget amendment, term limits for members of Congress, and a middle-class tax cut.
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
The 1996 federal law that transferred responsibility for welfare programs from the federal level to the state level and placed a five-year lifetime limit on payment of afdc benefits to any given recipient.
Economic Growth and Tax Relief Act
(2001) slashed income tax rates, extended the earned income credit for the poor, and phased out the estate tax by 2010, it skewed the distribution of tax benefits upward and the massive tax cuts combined with lots of spending plunged the federal government into debt
Tea Party
A Conservative political movement in the US that opposes government spending and taxes
USA Patriot Act
law passed due to 9/11 attacks; sought to prevent further terrorist attacks by allowing greater government access to electronic communications and other information; criticized by some as violating civil liberties
Abu Gharib Prison
prison in which iraqi prisoners were tortured and humiliated by their american captors
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
Obama legislation at $862 billion, largest stimulus in U.S. history, enacted in February 2009 that was all deficit spending
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Policies post 2010 can not have lifetime caps
Osama Bin Laden
(1957-) Founder of al Qaeda, the terrorist network responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001, and other attacks.
William (Bill) Clinton
he was the 42 president
Newt Gingrich
After the disagreement in the federal government over the budget between Republican leaders and the president, Public opinion turned quickly and powerfully against the Republican leadership and against much of its agenda. This controversial Republican Speaker of the House, quickly became one of the most unpopular political leaders in the nation, while President Clinton slowly improved his standing in the polls.
Monica Lewinsky
1990s; had affair with Clinton who denied it under oath, but there was physical evidence; he was impeached for perjury and his resulting political battles kept him from being productive in his final term paving way for the seemingly moral Bush in 2000
George W. Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001
Saddam Hussein
- Was a dictator in Iraq who tried to take over Iran and Kuwait violently in order to gain the land and the resources. He also refused to let the UN into Iraq in order to check if the country was secretly holding weapons of mass destruction.
Barack Obama
2008; Democrat; first African American president of the US, health care bill; Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster; economy: huge stimulus package to combat the great recession, is removing troops from Iraq, strengthened numbers in Afghanistan; repeal of Don't Ask Don't Tell; New Start treaty with Russia
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