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25 terms

Globalization

Honors American Govt/Human Geography Unit 2
STUDY
PLAY
globalization
an interconnected expansion of economic, social, and cultural interactions across the world
- financial trade links people together
- creates multinational corporations in transnational legal and political environment
- i.e. Italian fashions in Japan
cultural diffusion
spread out of culture
fundamentalism
strict religion law
religion
- religious fundamentalism on the rise in areas of oppression and where prospects of democracy are dim
- Shiite fundamentalism led to the fall of Shah of Iran in 1979
Domino Theory
if one country falls to communism, the others will follow
Two Waves of Decolonization
1) independence of America
2) independence of Asia/Africa
- Africa was colonized for resources after WWII
- Asia was colonized after WWI
Immanuel Wallerstein's World-Systems Theory
1) the world economy has one market and a global division of labor
2) Although the world has multiple states, almost everything takes place within the context of world economy
3) World economy has a three tier structure
- Core, Semi-Periphery, Periphery
capitalism
an economic system in which the people have freedom to buy and sell in order to receive a product
commodification
the transformation of goods, services, or ideas into a commodity
commodity
a demanded good, but is supplied without qualitative differentiation across a market
Core Countries
USA, western Europe, Canada, Japan
core
incorporates higher levels of education and technology, higher salaries, and generates more money
Semi-Periphery Countries
Mexico, China
semi-periphery
improving level of education and technology, height of salaries, and amount of money, but still is based of agriculture and in poverty
Periphery Countries
India, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central America
periphery
low levels of education and technology, low salaries, generates less money, overpopulated, and lots of poverty
unitary
a system of government that gives all its key powers to the national or central government
federal
a system of government that divides the powers between central and state government
Shari'a Laws
-North Africa
- legal systems based on traditional Islamic laws
- oppressive to women
geopolitics
the interplay among geography, power, politics, international relations
MacKinder's Heartland Theory
"He who rules East Europe commands the Heartland. He who rules the Heartland commands the World Island. He who rules the World Island commands the world."
Geopolitical World Order
1) bi-polar - after WWII (the US and USSR)
2) multi-polar - many major powers
3) unilateralism
unilateralism
one state acts alone, creating resentment and hostility
- i.e. USA
supernational organizations
nation-states that have come together on a common goal
Examples of Supernational Organizations
UN - peace
NATO - security
EU (European Union) - economic and political