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an interconnected expansion of economic, social, and cultural interactions across the world
- financial trade links people together
- creates multinational corporations in transnational legal and political environment
- i.e. Italian fashions in Japan
- religious fundamentalism on the rise in areas of oppression and where prospects of democracy are dim
- Shiite fundamentalism led to the fall of Shah of Iran in 1979
Two Waves of Decolonization
1) independence of America
2) independence of Asia/Africa
- Africa was colonized for resources after WWII
- Asia was colonized after WWI
Immanuel Wallerstein's World-Systems Theory
1) the world economy has one market and a global division of labor
2) Although the world has multiple states, almost everything takes place within the context of world economy
3) World economy has a three tier structure
- Core, Semi-Periphery, Periphery
an economic system in which the people have freedom to buy and sell in order to receive a product
incorporates higher levels of education and technology, higher salaries, and generates more money
improving level of education and technology, height of salaries, and amount of money, but still is based of agriculture and in poverty
low levels of education and technology, low salaries, generates less money, overpopulated, and lots of poverty
MacKinder's Heartland Theory
"He who rules East Europe commands the Heartland. He who rules the Heartland commands the World Island. He who rules the World Island commands the world."
Geopolitical World Order
1) bi-polar - after WWII (the US and USSR)
2) multi-polar - many major powers
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