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Global Health Definitions
Terms in this set (36)
Sickness or any departure, subjective or objective from psychological or physiological state of well being is?
What is the other name for mortality?
What is mortality or death rate?
The number of deaths per 1000 population in a given year
What refers to conditions that cause people to get sick or die and may also cause suffering and temporary or long term reduction in a person's capacity to function?
______ Means the number of people suffering from a certain condition over a specific time period. It measures the chances of having a disease
What term in global health is the proportion of the population that has a specific disease at a single point in time. For example the percentage of adults with HIV in south Africa is 18% today
What is incidence rate?
Refers to the rate at which new cases of a disease occur in a population. It measures the chances of getting a disease
What refers to the leading causes of illness, disability and death in the world?
Global burden of disease
Urbanization means what?
The majority of the world's population is living in the urban areas
_______ Is the difference in demographic indicators or measurements and future demographic between the rich and poor countries
A shift from a pattern of high fertility and high mortality to low fertility and low mortality
What is considered low income?
$995 or less
What is considered middle to lower income?
$996 to $3945
What is considered middle income?
$3946 to $12195
What is considered high income?
$12196 or above
What are the 8 millennium development goals set by the WHO?
1. Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
2. Achieve universal primary education
3. Promote gender equality
4. Reduce child mortality
5. Improve maternal health
6. Combat HIV, AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
7. Ensure environmental sustainability
8. Develop a global partnership for development
What are the main factors that determine one's health?
The determinants of health
- physical environments
- Genetic endowment
- Health practices
Etc...... (pg. 18 & 19)
What are the main factors that would determine the health of a person in a poor country?
All determinants apply (Magnified b/c they are poor)
Access to health
Education and literacy (especially the mothers)
What does DALY and HALE stand for and what is the difference?
DALY - Disability Adjusted Life Years: A unit for measuring the amount of health lost b/c of a particular disease or injury
HALE - Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (Looks at the years that someone is ill)
If you would pick one indicator to describe the health status of a poor country which indicator would you choose?
DALY is the best indicator
As countries develop economically, what are the most important changes that occur in their burden of disease? Why do these changes occur?
People are living longer and their lifestyles are changing which equals to more diseases of the elderly Pg. 39
In Canada, which population groups have the best health indicators and why?
People living with high socioeconomic status
In Canada, which population groups have the worst health indicators and why?
Northern communities, aboriginals, immigrants
What is infant mortality rate?
The number of deaths of infants under the age of 1 per 1000 live births in a given year
What is the average number of years a newborn baby could expect to live if current mortality trends were to continue?
What is maternal mortality ratio?
The number of women who die as a result of pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100000 of live births in a given year
What is the number of deaths to infants under 28 days of age in a given year per 1000 live births in that year?
Neonatal mortality rate
TRUE or FALSE:
In low income countries 87% of all deaths are from non-communicable diseases?
TRUE or FALSE:
Ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases are the two leading causes of death in both high and low income countries?
TRUE of FALSE:
The indicator of health status that is most commonly used in global health work is HALE?
How does poor health status impact a person's income?
It doesn't allow them to work, therefore they have no income.
Decreased income but increased spending
What is the relationship between health and the productivity of individuals?
When you are healthy you are able to work.
Businesses don't want to go into countries that have a lot of health issues
What role does health play in promoting the education of a child?
- It has a negative impact as sick children can't go to school.
- Children may have to quit school to help family make an income. They have to take care of younger siblings. Poor families are not able to afford their child's education
What part does the education of a mother play in promoting the health of her children?
- If the mother is educated, she can pass that knowledge to provide disease prevention
- She is likely to get a job and earn enough to afford good nutrition for her children
- More likely to visit health facilities to get their children vaccinated
- Able to pay for medication
- Able to perform prenatal care
What impact would the health status of a country have on the likelihood that people will invest in economic activity in that country?
Health status of a country is r/t chances of being invested into
- People want to invest in countries with healthy people. If most of the people are going to be productive and working it will equal success for a business
- If businesses are not going into the country, they will remain poor. Tourism will decrease as well because bad health in the country
What are the 4 multidimensional views of access mentioned by Skolnik?
- Geographic location
- Financial acceptability
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Global Health Test 1
Fundamentals of Global Health
Global Test 2
Global Health Chapter 4
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