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APUSH Ch. 23
Terms in this set (31)
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
extreme, chauvinistic patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policy
people who wanted to expand or enlarge the territory of the USA- USA should reach from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Navy officer whose ideas on naval warfare and the importance of sea-power changed how America viewed its navy
An American philosopher and historian who lectured to the nation on its future responsibilities, titled "Manifest Destiny."
a popular American minister in the late 1800s who linked Anglo-Saxonism to Christian missionary ideas
William H. Seward
antislaveryite from New York, he stated that on the issue of slavery, there was a higher law than the Constitution
many criticized William Seward's purchase of Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million dollars, calling it his folly.
William Randolph Hearst
A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
De Lome letter
Spanish Ambassador's letter that was illegally removed from the U.S. Mail and published by American newspapers. It criticized President McKinley in insulting terms. Used by war hawks as a pretext for war in 1898.
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
Legislation that promised the US would not annex Cuba after winning the Spanish-American war
a United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War, U.S. naval commander who led the American attack on the Philippines
26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Treaty of Paris of 1898
The treaty that concluded the Spanish American War, Commissioners from the U.S. were sent to Paris on October 1, 1898 to produce a treaty that would bring an end to the war with Spain after six months of hostilitiy. From the treaty America got Guam, Puerto Rico and they paid 20 million dollars for the Philipines. Cuba was freed from Spain.
was established in the United States on June 15, 1898 to battle the American annexation of the Philippines, officially called insular areas
William Howard Taft
27th president of the U.S.; he angered progressives by moving cautiously toward reforms and by supporting the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; he lost Roosevelt's support and was defeated for a second term.
Jones Act of 1917
granted Puerto Ricans US citizenship and gave them the right to elect both houses of their legislature, Puerto Rico is now a commonwealth of the US
Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934
provided for the independence of Philippines after a 12 year period of econimc, political tutelage
Foraker Act of 1900
Congress gave the Puerto Ricans a limited degree of popular government and, in 1917, granted them U.S. citizenship
Dr. Walter Reed
U.S. Army physician who in 1900 led the team which confirmed the theory (first set forth in 1881 by Cuban doctor/scientist Carlos Finlay) that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
Clayton-Bulwar Treaty of 1850
Treaty between USA and UK. It was negotiated in response to attempts to build the Nicaragua Canal
Hay-Herran Treaty of 1903
Columbia okays the building of the canal with a $10 mil down payment and $250,000/yr for every year after that.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Treaty of Portsmouth
1905 treaty between Russia and Japan ending the Russo-Japanese War
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japenese men already living in the US to join them
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