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22 terms

Chapter 9 Keywords

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arch
the curved structure which spans an opening
barrel vault
a semi-circular structure made up of successive arches
buttress
projected support for a external wall
chimera
a monster of Greek invention with a lion's head and body and a serpents tail
cinerary urn
a vase for the ashes of a cremated person, also referred to as "funerary urn"
concave
bulges in
convex
bulges out
divination
the process of interpreting omens
dome
a circular, octagonal, elliptical or polygonal shape which is hemispherical curvature of a roof
effigy
the image of a dead person, usually a monument of remembrance
etruscans
a people who inhabited central Italy, between the Tiber and the Arno rivers during the 6th and 7th century BC. Their origin is unknown but their great mineral wealth contributed to great urban development
fibula
a clasp or safety pin used to fasten a woman's gown
granulation
the fusing of tiny metal balls to a metal surface for decoration
groin vault
the intersection of two barrel vaults
key-stone
the topmost wedge which locked the arch into place
necropolis
a city of the dead
omen
an occurence believed to portend a future event, a foreshadowing of the future
sarcophagus
a large stone coffin usually decorated with sculpture and inscriptions
triumphal arch
freestanding arch commemorating an important event such as a military victory or opening a new road
tumulus
a tomb in the form of a mound
vault
an arched ceiling made of stone, brick or concrete
voussoirs
wedge shaped blocks holding the curve of the arch