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42 terms

Ancient India

STUDY
PLAY
Where did the Indo-Europeans come from?
The steppes
Where did the Hittites occupy?
Anatolia
What was the capital of the Hittite empire?
Hattusas
What war technology are the Hittites known for?
Iron weapons and charriots
Collection of four sacred Aryan literatures
The Vedas
Highest Aryan caste
Brahmins
What occupation were the Brahmins?
Priests and Warriors
2nd Highest Aryan caste
peasants or traders
Third Aryan caste
Shudras
What were the shudras?
non-Aryan laborers or craftspeople
Bottom Aryan caste
Varnas
What was aryan caste systems most distinguished by?
Skin color
Major aryan kingdom
Magadha
Seasonal winds that dominate India's climate
Monsoons
Largest Indian Cities were
Kalibangan, Mohenjo-daro, harappa
Indus Valley civilization is sometimes called the
Harappan Civilization
Harappans had advanced what?
Plumbing and sewage systems
Writings of the mystics
Upanishads
World spirit
Brahman (hinduism)
Individual soul
Atman
Vishnu
The protector
Shiva
The destroyer
Path of right thinking, path of right action, path of religious devotion
Three paths of Maksha
Founder of Buddhism
Siddhartha Guatama
What type of tree was siddhartha enlightened under
bo tree
Buddhism that believes in helping steer others towards moksha
Mahayana Buddhism
Buddhism that does not believe Buddha is divine
Theravada Buddhism
BE KIND VERY SWEET - BKVS
Brahmans
kshatriya
vaisya
sudra
Hindu Caste system
What were Brahmans (hinduism)
priests
Kshatriya
warriors
Vaisya
traders, artisans, farmers, herders
Who never got into the Hindu caste system?
Muslims and Europeans
When monks or anyone goes outside the world of reality; past the world of senses
transcendental
What language are the Vedas written in?
sanskrit
Buddha's word for release from selfishness and pain
Nirvana
Sacred Buddha mounds
stupas
Emperor of Mauryan Empire
Chandragupta Maurya
government handbook during Mauryan empire
Arthasastra
Chandragupta's grandson, ruled by buddhism
Asoka
Emperor of Gupta Empire
Chandra Gupta
What was India's second Empire?
The Gupta Empire
India's first empire
Mauryan empire