Christian Theology Vocabulary 1, 2, 3, 4

Terms in this set (110)

- alteration of term which has never been espoused in any significant way by any Christians
--Greek for "everything is God"
--belief that God and the universe are essentially identical
--More specifically, pantheism is the designation for understandking of the close connection between the world and the divine realtiy found in certain religions including Hinduism.
---One variety of pantheism speaks of God as the 'soul' of the universe which is thought to be God's body.
--Pantheistic religions often suggest that our experience of being disconnected from each other and from the divine is merely an illusion
---identifies God with the cosmos and is typical of ideas of God held in both Hinduism and Western rationalism esp Spinoza

- is any view of God that places too much emphasis on God's immanence (or the immanence of the world in God)
--and neglects God's self-sufficient transcendence
--The belief that God's being includes and permeates the entire universe so that everything exists in God.

---In contrast to pantheism, panentheists declare that God's being is greater than and not exhausted by the universe. God is affected by each event in the universe and thus God's knowledge must change and grow. However, God simultaneously retains personal integrity and complete reality.

--suggests that God and the cosmos (universe, world, nature) are mutually interdependent but not identical

--according to 19th c philosopher-
HEGEL, panentheism means without the world God is not God

---MANY 20th C liberal theologians adopted panentheism because it absolved God of the responsibility for the horrors of that genocidal century
o Associated with the Cappadocian fathers
▪ One what
▪ Three whos
▫ They say what about Jesus' inner circle?
● Peter, James and John
● Utterly united in love and will
● Found in common humanity
o Looks like a committee
o Imagine three gold bullion
o You would not say I have three golds, each bar of gold is singular, but you would say, I have gold
o This is absolutely only one "what" and three "whos"
o Emphasizes threeness

How does the church arise at its Trinitarian vision?
● Apostles - all are Jewish - monotheism
● These apostles are monotheistic Jews, how did they get to were they affirmed the trinity?
o The early church encountered the triune God, through Jesus and Pentecost
o Two examples:
o They realized that Jesus was God in the flesh
▪ John chapter 1
▪ "In the beginning was the word"
▪ That is a high Christology
o Doubting Thomas - the resurrected Jesus comes and shows his wounds to Thomas, Thomas says, "my Lord and my God"
▪ Jesus doesn't deny he is God
▪ That is the most direct claim you can get along with John Chapter 1 of the trinity
● These Jews then have to understand how the monotheistic God that have known and still maintain squares with their encountered with the Word made flesh
● It's important to get the story right...they didn't just cook up the trinity
● The Jews didn't understand the Spirit of God at first
● Gideon, Bethezel and Saul have all encountered the work of the spirit
● The Nicene creed states that He has spoken through the prophets
● The church was slow to understand the triune nature
● After Pentecost they had to figure out this Spirit
● There were some important concepts in Judaism that made John 1 so relevant along with other passages looked at her
o God used the evolutionary process
o Scientific version gets it right
o God creates by gradual change (evolution) over along period of time
o Difference between Darwin:
▪ Darwin relied on mechanical natural processes and they say God is the mechanics behind creation
▪ Darwin relied on randomness
▫ Randomness - shaped by environmental causes
▫ No grand plan leading evolution toward any conclusion
▫ Not a goal
▪ Big difference is that God is controlling the gradual changes
▫ NOT Random
▫ Strictly the process
▪ Not intelligence shaping the process
▪ This is not random
▫ God used a steady gradual change on animals
o What is the anthropological impact of this story?
▪ Process, not a single event, maybe a trial and error
▪ We are still evolving
▪ A great sense on continuity between us and the rest of the created world
▫ Humanity is greatly linked to the creation of the world
▪ Blurring any line between what make humanity special
▫ At what point do we become image bearers of God?
▫ Or is it just one long story?
o Becomes important for soteriological piece as well
o NOT Random
▪ BUT: Romans 5
▫ Just as through Adam sin comes into the world...
▫ Paul hangs a lot on Adam
▫ What do we do with the figure of Adam?

● Quote - point: be careful what you talk about and who you talk to, don't loose your credibility by talking about something so controversial, that people then wont believe you when you talk about something so significant as Christ death or resurrection
● Written by Saint Augustine in 401-416 AD
● He knew Genesis didn't square with the scientific theory
● He was worried that people would write of the faith based on this speculative claim of what Genesis may be saying