59 terms

ch 13 AP US

In the 1820s and 1830s one issue that greatly raised the political stakes was...
checks and balances
The new two party political system that emerged in the 1830s and 1840s became an important part of the nation's what?
sometimes wild contentiousness of political life
In the 1820s and 1830s the public's attitude regarding political parties accepted the what?
minority president
The presidential election of 1824 was the first one to see the election of a what?
80 percent
By the 1840s voter participation in the presidential election reached nearly what?
popular votes than any other candidate
Andrew Jackson received what in 1824?
eliminated as a candidate
Henry Clay was what when the election of 1824 was thrown into the House of Representatives
vice president
John C. Calhoun was what on the ticket of two presidential candidates in 1824
House of Representatives
The what decided the 1824 presidential election when no candidate received a majority of the vote in the Electoral College?
corrupt bargain
John Quincy Adams, elected president in 1825, was charged by political opponents with having struck a what when he appointed Henry Clay to become secretary of state?
least successful
As president, John Quincy Adams was one of the what presidents in American history?
possessing almost none of the arts of the politician
John Quincy Adams could be described as...
firing good office holders to appoint his own people
John Quincy Adams' weaknesses as president included all of the following except his what?
his suspicion of the federal government
Andrew Jackson's political philosophy was based on...
the newly won ascendancy of the masses
Andrew Jackson's inauguration as president symbolized what?
reward political supporters with public office
The purpose behind the spoils system was to what?
the appointment of many corrupt and incompetent officials to federal jobs
The spoils system under Andrew Jackson resulted in what?
ardent supporters of Andrew Jackson
The people who proposed the exceptionally high rates of the Tariff of 1828 were...
the South
The section of the U.S. most hurt by the Tariff of 1828 was...
suppress slavery
Southerners feared the Tariff of 1828 because this same power could be used to what?
states' rights
John C. Calhoun's "South Carolina Exposition" was an argument for what?
tariff policy
The "nullification crisis" of 1832-1833 erupted over what?
the South
The strong regional support for the Tariff of 1833 came from where?
use the army and navy to collect federal tariff duties
The Force Bill of 1833 provided that the President could what?
Henry Clay
The person most responsible for defusing the tariff controversy that began in 1828 was whom?
Andrew Jackson nor the nullifiers
The nullification crisis of 1833 resulted in a clear-cut victory for neither...
dispatched military forces to South Carolina
In response to S.C.'s nullification of the Tariff of 1828, Andrew Jackson did what?
the compromise Tariff of 1833
The nullification crisis started by S.C. over the Tariff of 1828 ended when Congress passed what?
whites wanted the Indians' lands
Andrew Jackson's administration supported the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states because why?
argue that Indians could not be assimilated into the larger society
In their treatment of Native Americans, white Americans did all of the following except...
refuse to own slaves
In an effort to assimilate themselves into white society, the Cherokees did all of the following except...
forced removal
The policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes was...
it put public service first, not profits
Andrew Jackson and his supporters disliked the Bank of the U.S. for all of the following reasons except...
that it refused to lend money to politicians
Andrew Jackson made all of the following charges against the Bank of the U.S. except...
promotion of economic expansion by making credit abundant
One of the positive aspects of the Bank of the U.S. was its what?
depository of the funds of the national government
While in existence, the second Bank of the U.S. was the what?
major expansion of presidential power
Andrew Jackson's veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the U.S. was a what?
found the bill harmful to the nation
Andrew Jackson based his veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the U.S. on the fact that he what?
American suspicions of secret societies
The Anti-Masonic party of 1832 appealed to what?
adoption of written party platforms
Innovations in the election of 1832 included what?
his fear that Nicholas Biddle might try to manipulate the bank to force its recharter
One of the main reasons Andrew Jackson decided to weaken the Bank of the U.S. after the 1832 election was...
opponents of public education
Supporters of the Whig party included all of the following except...
hatred of Andrew Jackson
The "cement" that held the Whig party together in its formative days was...
forcing the election into the House of Representatives
The Whigs hoped to win the 1836 election by...
taking the country off the gold standard
The Panic of 1837 was caused by all of the following except...
proposal of the "Divorce Bill"
The Whigs offered all of the following proposals for the remedies of the economic ills facing America in 1837 except...
Mexican authorities and Stephen Austin
Americans moved into Texas after an agreement was concluded between whom?
allegiance to Spain
The government of Mexico and the Americans who settled in Mexican-controlled Texas clashed over all of the following issues except...
Mexican armies at the Battle of San Jacinto
Texans won their independence as a result of the victory over what?
Texas gained its independence with help from whom?
that Austin and his settlers might be able to civilize the territory
Spanish authorities allowed Moses Austin to settle in Texas because they believed what?
that the Anglo-Texans wanted to break away from a government that had grown too authoritarian
One reason for the Anglo-Texan rebellion against Mexican rule was what?
antislavery groups in the U.S. opposed the expansion of slavery
Presidents Jackson and Van Buren hesitated to extend recognition to and to annex the new Texas Republic because...
the South and Southwest
Most of the early American settlers in Texas came from where?
William Harrison
The "Tippecanoe" in the Whigs' 1840 campaign slogan was what?
made to look like a poor western farmer
William Henry Harrison, the Whig party's presidential candidate in 1840, was what?
mass-based political parties
Both the Democratic party and the Whig party were what?
socially and geographically diverse
The two political parties of the Jacksonian era tended to be what?
downright grim
Life on the frontier was what for most pioneer families?