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In the 1820s and 1830s one issue that greatly raised the political stakes was...

checks and balances

The new two party political system that emerged in the 1830s and 1840s became an important part of the nation's what?

sometimes wild contentiousness of political life

In the 1820s and 1830s the public's attitude regarding political parties accepted the what?

minority president

The presidential election of 1824 was the first one to see the election of a what?

80 percent

By the 1840s voter participation in the presidential election reached nearly what?

popular votes than any other candidate

Andrew Jackson received what in 1824?

eliminated as a candidate

Henry Clay was what when the election of 1824 was thrown into the House of Representatives

vice president

John C. Calhoun was what on the ticket of two presidential candidates in 1824

House of Representatives

The what decided the 1824 presidential election when no candidate received a majority of the vote in the Electoral College?

corrupt bargain

John Quincy Adams, elected president in 1825, was charged by political opponents with having struck a what when he appointed Henry Clay to become secretary of state?

least successful

As president, John Quincy Adams was one of the what presidents in American history?

possessing almost none of the arts of the politician

John Quincy Adams could be described as...

firing good office holders to appoint his own people

John Quincy Adams' weaknesses as president included all of the following except his what?

his suspicion of the federal government

Andrew Jackson's political philosophy was based on...

the newly won ascendancy of the masses

Andrew Jackson's inauguration as president symbolized what?

reward political supporters with public office

The purpose behind the spoils system was to what?

the appointment of many corrupt and incompetent officials to federal jobs

The spoils system under Andrew Jackson resulted in what?

ardent supporters of Andrew Jackson

The people who proposed the exceptionally high rates of the Tariff of 1828 were...

the South

The section of the U.S. most hurt by the Tariff of 1828 was...

suppress slavery

Southerners feared the Tariff of 1828 because this same power could be used to what?

states' rights

John C. Calhoun's "South Carolina Exposition" was an argument for what?

tariff policy

The "nullification crisis" of 1832-1833 erupted over what?

the South

The strong regional support for the Tariff of 1833 came from where?

use the army and navy to collect federal tariff duties

The Force Bill of 1833 provided that the President could what?

Henry Clay

The person most responsible for defusing the tariff controversy that began in 1828 was whom?

Andrew Jackson nor the nullifiers

The nullification crisis of 1833 resulted in a clear-cut victory for neither...

dispatched military forces to South Carolina

In response to S.C.'s nullification of the Tariff of 1828, Andrew Jackson did what?

the compromise Tariff of 1833

The nullification crisis started by S.C. over the Tariff of 1828 ended when Congress passed what?

whites wanted the Indians' lands

Andrew Jackson's administration supported the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states because why?

argue that Indians could not be assimilated into the larger society

In their treatment of Native Americans, white Americans did all of the following except...

refuse to own slaves

In an effort to assimilate themselves into white society, the Cherokees did all of the following except...

forced removal

The policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes was...

it put public service first, not profits

Andrew Jackson and his supporters disliked the Bank of the U.S. for all of the following reasons except...

that it refused to lend money to politicians

Andrew Jackson made all of the following charges against the Bank of the U.S. except...

promotion of economic expansion by making credit abundant

One of the positive aspects of the Bank of the U.S. was its what?

depository of the funds of the national government

While in existence, the second Bank of the U.S. was the what?

major expansion of presidential power

Andrew Jackson's veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the U.S. was a what?

found the bill harmful to the nation

Andrew Jackson based his veto of the recharter bill for the Bank of the U.S. on the fact that he what?

American suspicions of secret societies

The Anti-Masonic party of 1832 appealed to what?

adoption of written party platforms

Innovations in the election of 1832 included what?

his fear that Nicholas Biddle might try to manipulate the bank to force its recharter

One of the main reasons Andrew Jackson decided to weaken the Bank of the U.S. after the 1832 election was...

opponents of public education

Supporters of the Whig party included all of the following except...

hatred of Andrew Jackson

The "cement" that held the Whig party together in its formative days was...

forcing the election into the House of Representatives

The Whigs hoped to win the 1836 election by...

taking the country off the gold standard

The Panic of 1837 was caused by all of the following except...

proposal of the "Divorce Bill"

The Whigs offered all of the following proposals for the remedies of the economic ills facing America in 1837 except...

Mexican authorities and Stephen Austin

Americans moved into Texas after an agreement was concluded between whom?

allegiance to Spain

The government of Mexico and the Americans who settled in Mexican-controlled Texas clashed over all of the following issues except...

Mexican armies at the Battle of San Jacinto

Texans won their independence as a result of the victory over what?


Texas gained its independence with help from whom?

that Austin and his settlers might be able to civilize the territory

Spanish authorities allowed Moses Austin to settle in Texas because they believed what?

that the Anglo-Texans wanted to break away from a government that had grown too authoritarian

One reason for the Anglo-Texan rebellion against Mexican rule was what?

antislavery groups in the U.S. opposed the expansion of slavery

Presidents Jackson and Van Buren hesitated to extend recognition to and to annex the new Texas Republic because...

the South and Southwest

Most of the early American settlers in Texas came from where?

William Harrison

The "Tippecanoe" in the Whigs' 1840 campaign slogan was what?

made to look like a poor western farmer

William Henry Harrison, the Whig party's presidential candidate in 1840, was what?

mass-based political parties

Both the Democratic party and the Whig party were what?

socially and geographically diverse

The two political parties of the Jacksonian era tended to be what?

downright grim

Life on the frontier was what for most pioneer families?

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