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24 terms

Human Geo Unit 1 Vocab

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contagious diffusion
distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, ect in a local population by person to person contact
cultural hearth
heartland, source area, innovation center, place of origin of a major culture
diffusion
spatial spreading or dissemination of a cultural element (like a technological innovation) or some other phenomenon
Environmental Determinism
view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over aspects of human life, including cultural development. (aka environmentalism)
Expansion Diffusion
diffusion of an idea so that it grows larger throughout the population as larger and larger amounts of people spread the idea
Geographical Information Systems
(GIS
collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, analyzed, ect
globalization
expansion of economic, political, or cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact
global positioning system (gps)
satellite based system to determine the absolute location
Hierarchical Diffusion
form of diffusion in which the idea spreads first through the most connected group of people or places
human geography
one of two major divisions of geography, the spatial analysis of human population, cultures, activities, and landscapes
nodal region
A region characterized by a set of places connected to another place by lines of communication or movement
pattern
design of spatial distribution (concentrated or spread out)
perceptual region
region that only exists as an idea but not physically demarcated. ex: in US, the South region and Mid-Atlantic region
possibilism
geographic view point as a response to determinism, that says human decision making (not environment) determines the cultural development. but, environment still seen as having the ability to inhibit human decisions and possibilities
regional geography
Regional geography is a study of regions throughout the world in order to understand or define the unique characteristics of a particular region
relocation diffusion
sequential diffusion as the ideas follow the carriers, usually migrating populations
spatial analysis
analysis pertaining to the space used on earth's surface
spatial diffusion
physical location of phenomena across space
spatial interaction
regions exchanging
spatial perspective
observations varying depending on spatial geo across earth
stimulus diffusion
cultural adaption is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place
symbolic landscapes
place of cultural / geographical meaning
time-space compression
term associated with the work of David Harvey that refers to the social and psychological effects reach high of time-space convergence (greatly accelerated movements of goods, info, and ideas made possible by 20th century tech innovations in transportation and communication)
tobler's first law of geography
Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things