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contagious diffusion

distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, ect in a local population by person to person contact

cultural hearth

heartland, source area, innovation center, place of origin of a major culture


spatial spreading or dissemination of a cultural element (like a technological innovation) or some other phenomenon

Environmental Determinism

view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over aspects of human life, including cultural development. (aka environmentalism)

Expansion Diffusion

diffusion of an idea so that it grows larger throughout the population as larger and larger amounts of people spread the idea

Geographical Information Systems

collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, analyzed, ect


expansion of economic, political, or cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact

global positioning system (gps)

satellite based system to determine the absolute location

Hierarchical Diffusion

form of diffusion in which the idea spreads first through the most connected group of people or places

human geography

one of two major divisions of geography, the spatial analysis of human population, cultures, activities, and landscapes

nodal region

A region characterized by a set of places connected to another place by lines of communication or movement


design of spatial distribution (concentrated or spread out)

perceptual region

region that only exists as an idea but not physically demarcated. ex: in US, the South region and Mid-Atlantic region


geographic view point as a response to determinism, that says human decision making (not environment) determines the cultural development. but, environment still seen as having the ability to inhibit human decisions and possibilities

regional geography

Regional geography is a study of regions throughout the world in order to understand or define the unique characteristics of a particular region

relocation diffusion

sequential diffusion as the ideas follow the carriers, usually migrating populations

spatial analysis

analysis pertaining to the space used on earth's surface

spatial diffusion

physical location of phenomena across space

spatial interaction

regions exchanging

spatial perspective

observations varying depending on spatial geo across earth

stimulus diffusion

cultural adaption is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place

symbolic landscapes

place of cultural / geographical meaning

time-space compression

term associated with the work of David Harvey that refers to the social and psychological effects reach high of time-space convergence (greatly accelerated movements of goods, info, and ideas made possible by 20th century tech innovations in transportation and communication)

tobler's first law of geography

Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things

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