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45 terms

MODULE 170 UNIT 3

Pharmacology and Office Emergencies
STUDY
PLAY
acr/o
extremity, point
megaly
enlargement, large
adren
adrenal gland
end/o
within
crine
to secrete
nephr/ o renal
kidney
LH
luteinizing hormone
glycol/glycogen gluc/o
sweet, sugar
thyr/o
thyroid, shield
exo
out, away from
acromegaly
enlargement of extremities
addison disease
Results from a deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones
adenoma
tumor of a gland
adrenal glands
endocrine organs that secrete hormones
androgen
hormones that promote the development of male characteristics
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
cushing's disease
Results from hypersecretion of cortisol
diabetes mellitus
the body is unable to produce enough insulin
dwarfism
condition of abnormally small
endocrinologist
physician who specializes in the study of the endocrine system
epinephrine
hormone produced by the adrenal medulla
exophthalmos
protrusion of the eyeball from the socket
exocrine
type of gland that secretes into duct
gestational diabetes
Form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy
gigantism
pathological condition of being abnormally large
goiter
an enlarged thyroid gland
graves disease
the most common cause of hyperthyroidism
hashimotos thyroiditis
an autoimmune inflammation of the thyroid
hormone
chemical substances produced by the endocrine glands
hypothyroidism
thyroid produces inadequate amounts of hormones
hydrocortisone
glucocorticoid ( steroid ) hormone produced by the adrenal cortex
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus(IDDM)
also known as type 1 diabetes
iodine
trace mineral that aids in the development and functioning of the thyroid gland
islets of langerhans
are small clusters of cells within the pancreas
lethargic
pertaining to drowsiness; sluggish
lipolysis
destruction of fats
myxedema
the most severe form of hypothyroidism
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus(NIDDM)
also known as type 2 diabetes
parathyroid glands
endocrine glands located beside the thyroid gland
pineal glands
pine cone-shape gland ; secretes melatonin and serotonin
pituitary gland
also known as master gland
thymus gland
composed of lymphoid tissue
thyroid gland
gland in the neck that is responsible for metabolism
thyroidectomy
surgical excision of the thyroid gland
steroids
group of chemical substances that includes hormones and certain drugs