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Unit 12: Cold War and Revolutionary Movements
Terms in this set (72)
Competition between what 2 nations was the foundation for the Cold War?
United States, Soviet Union
T/F: The policies of the Soviet Union and the U. S. Towards other countries was influenced by the Cold War.
The presence of what weapons influenced national policies during the Cold War?
What economic system failed throughout the world?
What were the beginning years of the Cold War?
What conference gave the Soviet Union control of Eastern Europe?
What were the two opposing economic philosophies of the Cold War?
Communism vs. Capitalism
What were the two opposing political philosophies of the Cold War?
Communism and Democracy
Who was the president that developed the policy of containment?
The U. S. policy to prevent the spread of communism was called what?
What was the relationship of Eastern Europe to the Soviet Union?
Eastern Europe nations were satellite nations controlled by the Soviet Union.
Where was the Iron Curtain?
From the Baltics to the Adriatics, across Eastern Europe north/south
What two alliances opposed each other during the Cold War?
NATO and Warsaw Pact
The first armed conflict of the Cold War was where?
What Cold War armed conflict was fought in Southeast Asia?
Who won these two armed conflicts?
In what years were the Cold War?
What was the significance of the Berlin Wall?
It separated the democratic west from the eastern communists.
President Kennedy confronted the Soviet Union over nuclear missiles in what nation?
What weapon was important during the Cold War?
What Cold War policy believed more atomic bombs stopped nuclear wars?
Theory of Deterrence
Name 3 causes for the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Soviet economic collapse; Nationalism in Warsaw Pact countries; Multi-ethnic population
When did the Soviet Union collapse and the Cold War End?
Name a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Who was the last president of the Soviet Union?
The occupation of Asian countries by what nation increased demand for independence after WWII?
What was the U.S. policy concerning communism after WWII?
Policy of containment
What county developed regional alliances to stop communist aggression?
After WWII, China divided into what 2 nations?
People's Republic of China; Republic of China (Taiwan)
Who led nationalist China?
Where was nationalist China located?
Who led communist China?
Where was communist China located?
Who was the Chinese leader who reformed the economy to a market economy leading to rapid economic growth?
In the 1950s, what war did Communist China participate?
Who controlled Vietnam before WWII?
After gaining their independence, what happened to Vietnam?
The Vietnam War began between the communist North and the democratic South.
Who led the conflict against the French and U.S. in Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
What country tried to help South Vietnam in their fight against North Vietnam?
What policy were they trying to uphold?
Policy of containment
What happened to vietnam after the Vietnam War?
It was reunited as one country under communist rule.
Who was the Indian Prime Minister who developed a nuclear program and a close relationship to the Soviet Union?
Who was the female British Prime Minister who had a close relationship with Reagan during the Cold War?
What nation controlled India before WWII?
What was the previous name of Pakistan?
What was the previous name of Bangladesh?
What was the previous name of Sri Lanka?
Who led the Indian independence movement?
What 2 policies were used to gain independence in India?
Civil disobedience and passive resistance
The belief that violence should not be used to gain political rights is called ______________.
To purposefully disobey laws is called what?
What 2 religions came into conflict in India?
Hinduism and Islam
What was the result of this conflict?
They separated into different countries; East and West Pakistan, and India
Who was the first prime minister of India?
What was the last continent to gain independence from European imperialism?
Name 4 countries that lost their colonies in Africa?
Great Britain, France, Belgium, and Portugal
What influenced independence movements in Africa after WWII?
Right to self-determination (U.N.Charter)
Many nations in what part of Africa gained their independence peacefully?
Who fought a war for independence from France?
What European nation controlled Kenya?
Who led Kenya's independence struggle?
The official policy of strict racial separation and discrimination practiced in South Africa was called what?
When was the mandate system established?
At the end of WWI
Who established the mandate system?
League of Nations
Where was the mandate system most active after WWI?
What happened to the mandates after WWII?
Conflicts in the Middle East are often based on what?
What 2 countries were French mandates after WWI?
What 2 countries were British mandates after WWI?
Palestine became a part of what country in 1948?
Who was the Israel prime minister who led Israel to victory in the Yom Kippur war in 1973?
Who was the President of Egypt who nationalized the Suez canal and built the Aswan High Dam?
Gamal Abdul Nassar
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