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98 terms

Test 3 Quizzes

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Which period of European art and literature most captivated 18th century thinkers?
The Greek and Roman periods (antiquity)
Who views life rationally and strives to "see life as a whole" were approaches taken by?
The Classicists
The music of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert is characterized by:
Singable lyrical melodies
What kind of composers often incorporated folk elements in their music?
Classical
Classical eras were generally composed with what kind of texture?
Homophonic
Two significant historical events that occurred during the Classical era were:
the French and American Revolutions
Louis XV and Frederick the Great ruled as a result of:
Aristocratic norms
When was the Classical era?
1750-1825
The 18th century composer was most likely to find a patron in:
The aristocracy
Who was still working under the aristocracy patronage during the early years?
Classical-era composers
Classical-era compositions are characterized by:
Rhythmic regularity
What is another name for the Classical era?
Age of Reason
The four musical masters of the Viennese school are:
Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert
Classical harmony is best described as:
Diatonic
Buildings like the nation's Capitol and Monticello were patterned after:
Greek and Roman temples
Which concert venues were available to composers of the Classical era?
The royal palace and the concert hall
What musical occupation was least available to women in the Classical era?
Orchestral conductor
Composers of the Classical era fully explored which harmonic system?
Major-minor system
Music making in the Classical era centered upon the:
Court
Two authors associated with the Strum and Drang movement of the 1770s were:
Geothe and Schiller
Composers of the Classical era fully explored which formal structure?
Sonata
The composers Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert all composed in what kind of forms?
Large-scale
What helped shape the modern world during the 18th century?
The Industrial Revolution
The principal author of the Declaration of Independence was
Thomas Jefferson
Who seeks order, reason, and serenity?
Classicists
Who longs for strangeness, wonder, and ecstasy?
Romantics
Classical phrase structure is best described as:
Regular and symmetrical, with clear cadences
The multi-movement cycle of the Classical masters can be found in their:
Symphonies, concertos, and string quartets
The last section of sonata-allegro form that restates the themes is called:
Recapitulation
THe middle section of a typical third movement in a sonata cycle is called:
Trio
Which genre would NOT normally be in multi-movement cycle?
Song cycle
The simplest form of a rondo can be described as:
A-B-A-C-A
The middle section of the third movement in a sonata cycle is highly improvised. T/F
False
The second movement in a sonata cycle is generally in a quick tempo. T/F
Flase
What is an ostinato?
A short, repeated musical pattern
Music with no literary basis is referred to as:
Absolute music
The first movement of a symphony is most likely in ____ form
Sonata-Allegro
A motive is a combination of many themes. T/F
False
The ____ theme in a sonata-allegro movement is typically in a contrasting key
Second
The longest and most dramatic movement of the sonata-allegro form was generally the:
first
The chord at the end of the first movement in a sonata cycle is a ______ chord
Dominant
How many sections is a sonata-allegro form comprised of?
3
Rondo form has a recurring idea, similar to the _________
Baroque ritornello
A short, repeated musical pattern is called an:
Ostinato
The scherzo is characterized by:
Abrupt changes of mood
The expansion of a melodic idea is known as ______
Thematic development
The longest and most dramatic movement of the multi-movement cycle, represented in the symphony, string quartet, concerto and sonata, was generally the:
First
Which is most likely the slow movement in the multi-movement cycle?
Second
Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 opens with a four-note ____.
Motive
Improvisation is important in jazz music. T/F
True
Which dance replaced the minuet and trio in the 19th century symphony?
Scherzo
Which movement of the instrumental cycle is likely to be a dance?
Third
Haydn wrote his Emperor quartet based on a theme composed by the emperor. T/F
False
Mozart wrote a set of string quartets dedicated to who?
Haydn
The _____ movement of a string quartet is often in minuet and trio form
Third
What is the texture of the final variation in Haydn's Op 76, No 3, second movement?
Polyphonic and homophonic
The third movement of Eine kleine Nachtmusik features regular phrases. T/F
True
When were Haydn's Opus 76 quartets written?
Mid-1790s
What is a typical string quartet ensemble?
2 violins, a viola, and a cello
The first movement of Eine kleine Nachtmusik is in what form?
Sonata-allegro
Which composer famously began to write music before the age of 5?
Mozart
The focus of Classical chamber music is soloistic virtuosity. T/F
False
How many string quartets did Haydn write?
68
At the time of Mozart's death, he was working on:
His Requiem Mass
What was Haydn's instrument?
Viola
What is the overall form or the third movement of Eine kleine Nachtmusik?
A-B-A (minuet and trio)
What was the favored chamber ensemble in the Classical era was the _____
String Quartet
Which Classical composer may have influenced Haydn in his stylistic approach to the Opus 76 quartets?
Mozart
The second movement of Op. 76, No. 3 is composed in what form?
Theme and variations form
The first movement of a string quartet is typically in:
Sonata-allegro form
Which composer worked well under the patronage system?
Haydn
Haydn's String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 2 is nicknamed Emperor because:
The theme in the second movement is based on a hymn written for the Austrian emperor
The K. number following each Mozart work refers to:
The name of the man who catalogued his compositions
The divertimento and the serenade were both musical forms of entertainment in the Classical era. T/F
True
The tempo scheme of the movements of Eine Kleine Nachtmusik is best described as:
Fast, slow, moderate, fast
The heart of the Classical orchestra was the:
String section
The classical-era orchestra is typically composed of:
40-50 players
Generally a scherzo is slower paced than a minuet and trio. T/F
False
Which of Beethoven's symphonies sets the famous Ode to Joy poem by Schiller?
No. 9
The composer of the London symphonies was:
Joseph Haydn
Which malady afflicted Beethoven and profoundly affected his work as a composer?
Deafness
From which earlier genre did the symphony evolve?
The Italian opera overture
The various movements of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony are unified by:
Opening motive
What are contributions to the symphony from the Mannheim school of composers?
The use of a "streamroller" crescendo and the use of a "rocket theme"
Percussion are absent from the second movement of Haydn's Symphony's No. 100. T/F
False
Beethoven's Fifth Symphony generally follows the outline of:
The standard multimovement cycle.
Which composer sometimes wrote monothematic sonata-allegro movements?
Haydn
The Fifth Symphony opens and closes in the key of C minor. T/F
False
Theme and variations was a typical form for the second movement of a symphony. T/F
True
How many symphonies did Beethoven write?
9
The Classical symphony typically featured some woodwind and brass instruments along with strings. T/F
True
The movement of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony that makes the most extensive use of variation procedure is:
The second
How many movements are standard in a Classical concerto?
3
When the piano is first heard in the opening concerto movement, it plays the first theme:
In a more decorated version
Mozart wrote many of his piano concertos to showcase his own performance skills. T/F
True
What describes the mood and tempo of the first movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto in G major, K. 453?
Graceful melodies, played allegro
Which tempo scheme is standard for the movements of a concerto?
Fast, slow, fast
The Classical concerto has three movements. T/F
True