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11 terms

Unit 7: Unification of Italy

Terms, people and places related to Italian Unification in the 19th century.
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Count Camillo di Cavour
Prime minister of Sardinia (northern Italy) who vowed to drive out the Austrians and worked towards a united Italy.
Giuseppe Mazzini
Italian nationalist who set up the "Young Italy" group and tried to create a revolutionary republic in Rome.
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Italian nationalist whose "Red Shirts" freed Sicily and southern Italy and then united it with northern Italy.
Victor Emmanuel II
First King of Italy, who was originally king of Sardinia.
Napoleon III
Emperor of France who helped Italy drive out Austria from parts of its land.
Kingdom of Sardinia
Strong state in northern Italy which started the unification movement.
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
State in southern Italy which only joined the rest of Italy after a revolution.
Rome (Papal States)
Last state to join Italy (after the Franco-Prussian War), completing its unification.
Austria
Controlled large portions of Italy before Unification and was defeated with the help of the French.
Franco-Prussian War
Last step in Italian unification because it brought the Papal States in.
1871
Year Italy finally become a united nation-state.