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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Chapter 6: The Civil War (almost)
Terms in this set (46)
What is the Wilmot Proviso?
David Wilmot (dem) added an amendment to the war appropriates bill that stated any new teritory usa got from mexico WAS NOT SLAVE STATES
What is John Calhoun's take on the Wilmot Proviso?
Disagrees because he is pro-slavery
right of citizens of a state to determine leagal things within their own state
Why did the democrats like popular sovereignty?
Because it gave them the option to rule if they wanted slavery or not
Why did congress like popular sovereignty?
It removed a burden from them.
Democrat Lewis Cass emphasized that he would veto the:
How did the free soil part become a thing?
On the topic of slavery, abolitionists, northern whigs, and anti slavery dems felt as if the two politicians running that year did not stand for what they believed in. Therefore they created this new party.
Who was the free soil party nominee?
Martin Van Buren (2nd time running after losing the first time)
Who beats MVB?
As the new president, Taylor is faced with the issue of slavery; BUT what happens that kind of distracts temporary from this situation?
Gold is found in CALI (gold rush)
What are the "forty niners"?
the ground of 80,000 people who left to cali in search of gold
The gold rush causes mayhem, so to aid the issue Potus Taylor does this:
urges cali to become a state, which happens in 1850
withdrawal from the Union
Senator Henry Clay looks to:
Who does HC broker a deal in?
the MO compromise
How many resolutions did Henry Clay come up with?
cali = free states BUT
rest of mexico = no restrictions to slavery
to solve fight with NM and TX
NM = gets land
TX = gets compensation ($) for land
in district of columbia, slavery was outlawed - BUT not slavery itself
congress had no power to interfere with slave trade
would NOT help southerns recapture slaves
What did Clay's proposal cause?
massive debates in congress
James Calhoun is dying of this sickness _______________________ but claims that this "compromise" would _______________________________.
TB, destroy the south and mess up the union
What happened with the Compromise of 1850?
POTUS said nah and then Taylor died in office (being the 2nd prez to do that)
By the end of the summer of 1850's
Taylor dies, so does John Calhoun, and HC is so done with this mess so he retires = a lot of open spaces in power
Who takes over after Taylor & Calhoun die and HC says peace out?
Dougless mastermind plan:
crafts the compromise of 1850 into many smaller bills so if a congressmen disagreed they would vote for/against parts they liked or not
Who signs and approves the compromise in Sep 1850?
Fugitive Slave Act
A law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves
Federal Marshal had to assist who?
alleged slaves could not..
Who wrote Civil Disobedience?"
who did the conductors transport via the underground railroad....
runaway slaves to the north & canda
Who is Uncle Tom's Cabin by?
Harriet Beecher Stowe
in 1852 the new pro-slavey POTUS is:
railroad connects the usa from one coast to anothers
Who was Jefferson David?
sec of war
Jefferson Davis sent ________________________________ to Mexico to buy _______________.
James Gadsden a section of AZ AND NM
How much was the Gadsden Purchase?
10 million dollars
Steven Douglass wants the TR to go from _____________ to ____________________ but Southern politicians railed against it because it would involve the MO compromise getting repealed.
Illinois to California
Douglass knew overturning the _____________________________ would
MO Compromise, be a problem
Then Douglass wanted to divide __________________ into ___________ and make half a __________________ state and half a __________________ state.
Nebraska, Kansas, free, slave.
Which groups of people were upset with the Kansas - Nebraska Act?
Whigs, abolitionists, northerners, and anti slave dems &
Nothing could convince POTUS Pierce from ___________________.
not signing the bill
When was the NE -KS bill signed in?
blood from violence that erupted from this dispute
illegally crosses to border to stuff the ballot with pro-slavery votes
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