Ch. 11 Kant-Fairness and Justice
Terms in this set (15)
the biggest opposer to utilitarianism, says the ultimate point of morality is to improve well being rather than do justice.
two very popular tests of morality:
1. what if everyone did that?
2. how would you like it if i did that to you?
self regarding actions
those that only concern oneself
principle of morality
an act is morally acceptable if, and only if, its maxim is universalizable
the principle of action you give yourself when you are about to do something
the feature of a maxim that indicates that every rational person can consistently act on it
two parts of a maxim:
1. what you are about to do
2. why you are about to do it
Kant believes the morality of the action depends on the ____ rather than the ____
how can we tell whether a maxim is universalizable?
1. formulate your maxim--state what you intend to do and why you intend to do it
2. imagine a world in which everyone supports and acts on your maxim
3. then ask can the goal of my action be achieved in such a world?
Kant says this 3 part test serves as the real way to determine whether we are being _____ and _____
consistent and fair
someone who believes in right and wrong but doesn't care about morality at all
tell us how to achieve our goals; do whatever we need to do in order to get what we care about
ex. In order to get B, do A
command us to do things whether we want to or not.
ex. Do A
Kant believed that ______ is never permitted
never permissibly broken
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