Chapter 4-Conscience

Antecedent Judgment of Conscience
judgment that precedes an action
Autonomous Morality
the belief that an individual's conscience is the only moral authority; also called subjective morality
as used in the Beatitudes, it means "bliss"-a reference to the ultimate happiness of Heaven
Certain Conscience
Conscience that issues a judgment in certainty; it is correct only insofar as the conscience is rightly formed
Concomitant Judgment of Conscience
judgment of the morality of an action as it is taking place
the inner voice of a human being, on whose heart is inscribed the law of God; moral conscience is a judgment of practical reason about the moral quality of a human action that he or she is going to perform, is in the process of performing, or has already performed
Conscientious Objection
a personal appeal that to carry out a particular action that has been ordered by legitimate authority would be against one's own conscience
Consequent Judgment of Conscience
a moral judgment made after the act
Doubtful Conscience
judgment of conscience that occurs when there is doubt about the good or evil of an act done or omitted; unless one is required to act immediately; a person is required to determine the moral rectitude of an act before acting on a doubtful conscience
Erroneous Conscience
judgment of the practical intellect that decides from false principles, erroneously considered as true, that something is lawful, which in fact is unlawful
Examination of Conscience
prayerful self-reflection on one's words and deeds in light of the Gospel to determine whether one has sinned against God; this is necessary to prepare for the Sacrament of Penance
Scrupulous Conscience
a conscience that judges an action to be morally evil when in fact it is not, or a venial sin to be mortal
True Conscience
the freedom or power of deciding or judging the right course of action; this application of the practical intellect deduces from true principles (insofar as the conscience is conformed to them) that an act is lawful
Universal Call to Holiness
refers to the fact that every baptized person is called to seek holiness regardless of his or her state of life; this call was reaffirmed by the Second Vatican Council