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SOAPStone

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rhetoric
art of speaking or writing effectively to serve your desired purpose
rhetorical situation
context; situation which generates author's need for writing
SOAPS
subject, occasion, audience, purpose, speaker
rhetorical situation is determined by
SOAPS
3 sides of rhetorical triangle
subject, writer, reader
focus on audience
persuasive
focus on subject
informative
focus on writer
expressive
subject
what is being written about; main message
occasion
context, reason for writing the work
audience
who work is directed towards
purpose
aim of the work; point the author is trying to convey
speaker
who tells the story; can be character or author, depending on pov
tone
writer or speaker's attitude toward the subject
why is diction important to creating tone
in written works the writer cannot rely on inflection, volume, or gestures like they can in spoken word to create a tone
imagery
collection of verbal images in a literary work
imagery can be
literal or figurative
literal imagery
descriptions that create literal pictures in the mind; exact description as author perceives it; not comparing, just describing
figurative imagery
creates images by comparing object being described to something else, using similes, metaphors, or analogies
figurative language
whenever you describe something by comparing it to something else
plain style
simple writing, direct and to the point; not very emotional or descriptive
rationalism and Age of Reason style
logical argument, questioning, secular
what creates tone?
diction, details, syntax, imagery, figurative language
_______ determines rhetorical situation; _________ determines tone
SOAPS; diction, details, syntax, imagery, figurative language