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Terms in this set (14)
Informal and qualitative process whereby the people involved in the problem or situation work together to research, plan and enact solutions.
Collection of data related to an individual or small group. Main techniques include observation, interviews, documentary evidence.
Study and interpretation of written and visual material. This can include academic articles, television and photographs.
Immersive, interactive collection of data of a society, group or subculture. The researcher must be immersed within the culture to establish their customary actions and beliefs through experience.
3-8 people chosen by the researcher for in-depth discussion on a specific topic. Recording the group interactions and responses is essential to accurate reporting of responses.
One-to-one situation with researcher and interviewee. Has different possible structures, including - tightly structured, semi-structured, unstructured, in-depth or conversational. Each of these has different strengths and weaknesses and must be chosen to align with the results needed for analysis by the researcher.
The researcher passively watches and records the behaviours within a clearly defined area.
Researcher is involved in the action being observed but is not obviously a researcher.
A reflection and evaluation of the researcher's own experiences in relation to a specific issue or topic.
A method for collecting data from a large group of people. Its impersonal approach means it must contain clear questions with a logical sequence. They are used to fulfil a specific objective for the researcher.
Examining quantitative data to make generalisations and interpret meaning. Possible assumptions and biases regarding the data need to be assessed in line with the resultant analysis.
Can involve observation, interview or questionnaire to collect information from representative samples of a specific population (eg: Year 12 students, working mothers, etc.).
Involves methods that create data that can be collected, compared and measured. Common examples include closed surveys and structured interviews.
Involves methods that focus on how participants, rather than the researcher, interpret their own experiences and realities. Common examples include focus groups, participant observation and open-ended questionnaires.
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