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Scholarship during Middle Ages; music theorists
Arabic scholars found Ancient Greek music theory which also influenced European Music
Ottoman Empire (13th-20th Centuries)
Turkish dynasty that ruled over west asia, eastern europe, and northern africa
Tall thin towers: from here people (muezzin) indicates the prayer and brings everyone to prayer
Arabic music ensemble w/ zithers,bowed and plucked lutes, drums, aerophones, and at times, non trad. instruments
Mystical branch of Islam
-person can become one with Allah
-Wool (robes: 2 sets black and white)
-Music and chants very important
"beggar" Monks who relay on the public to survive
-musicians as well and go to rituals to play
Site 2: Arabic Instrumental Modal Improvisation - Turkey
Improv with ud and buzuq
Middle Eastern "sounding"/ the Mummy
Site 3: DASTGAH for SANTUR and Voice - Turkey
Higher pitched santur - free rhythm
Melancholy Melismas/ minor w/ ornamentation
Vocalist enters halfway through
Site 4: Islamic Song with TAKHT Instrumental Accompaniment
Single male vocals: melismatic
Graceful (belly dance?)
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