26 terms

Types of Government

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

absolute monarchy
a form of autocracy where a person becomes the sole leader of a country by being born into a family of rulers
anarchy
the absence of any form of government
autocracy
a form of government where one person has unlimited power
communism
a form of government in which a single ruling party owns and controls production and distribution of goods, and in which no private ownership is allowed
democracy
a system of government in which political power resides with the people
dictatorship
a form of autocracy where a military leader becomes the leader of the country often through violent means
direct democracy
a form of government in which the power to govern lies directly in the hands of the people rather than through the hands of elected representatives
form of government
the way a government is structured
monarchy
a form of government headed by a king or queen who inherits the position, rules for life, and holds power that can range from anywhere between limited to absolute
oligarchy
a from of government in which a small group has total control and power
representative democracy
a system of government in which people elect representatives to make policies and laws for them, also known as a republic
republic
a system of government in which people elect representatives to make policies and laws for them, also known as a representative democracy
socialism
an economic system in which the government owns the primary means of production
confederal
a system of government where power is located with the independent states and there is little power in the central government
federal
a system of government where power is shred between a central government and states
government
a system or organization for exercising authority over a body of people
governer
the head of a state government
parliamentary
a system of government where power lies within the legislative body, and the leader of the country is pat of the legislature
president
the head of state in a federal system
prime minister
the head of state in a parliamentary system
unitary
a system of government where almost all power is located with the central government
How is power distributed in a federal system?
Power is distributed through different levels, usually federal, state, and sometimes local
How is power distributed in a confederal system?
Power is mainly situated int he individual states making up the confederation; there is little power in the central government
How is power distributed in a unitary system?
Power is very strong in the central government, and most all power is int he centre
How is power distributed in a parliamentary system?
Power is mainly in the legislative body, with the leader of the government(prime minster), part of the legislative body
Examples of Autocracies
Dictatorships
Absolute Monarchies