100 terms

Popular phrasal verbs

Popular phrasal verbs with pictures
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to be cancelled (an event/arrangement etc.)
usually used in the present tense
be off
to have gone bad (food)
be off
to be finished
be over
to be surprised and confused (used in the passive)
be taken aback
to hurt someone badly by hitting and punching
beat up
to destroy (something or someone) by explosion; to explode
blow up
to fill with air; to inflate
(a balloon / a tyre / a football etc. )
blow up
to stop working (machinery)
break down
to lose control emotionally or mentally
break down
to enter somewhere (e.g. a house) illegally, especially by force
break into
to end; to interrupt; to discontinue
(talks / negotiations / an engagement / a relationship / an agreement etc.)
break off
to start, usually suddenly
(unpleasant things e.g. wars, epidemics, fires, violence etc.)
break out
to end; to separate
(a marriage / a family / a relationship etc.)
break up
to take care of a child until it is fully grown and able to care for itself; to train and prepare a child for adult life
bring up
to improve your knowledge, skill, or memory of (something you used to know, or do, but have now partly forgotten)
brush up (on)
to destroy by burning (usually buildings)
burn down
to cancel something; to abandon something that has already begun
(an event / an arrangement / an activity etc.)
often used in the passive
call off
to become less excited and tense; to help someone (or a difficult situation) to become less excited and tense
calm down
to fulfil or perform (something)
(instructions / a duty / an order / a threat / a test etc.)
carry out
to become popular
catch on
to report one's arrival (at a hotel, an airport etc.)
check in
to become happier
cheer up
to find or meet by chance
come across
to think of; to produce
(an idea / a plan / a suggestion etc.)
come up with
to reduce in size or amount
(smoking / cigarettes / drinking / spending / production etc.)
cut down on
to disconnect, interrupt or discontinue something or someone
cut off
to disappear completely; to become extinct
die out
to repair; to improve the condition and appearance of something
(a house / a room / a flat / an old car etc.)
do up
to fasten; to button; to zip; to tie
(a shoelace / a zip / a dress / a coat etc.)
do up
to pay a short visit, often without warning
drop in (on)
to stop a vehicle and let someone get out; to take something (or someone) to a place and leave it there
drop off
to fall asleep (often unintentionally)
drop off
to withdraw from, or stop taking part in
(a competition, a social group, a school, a university, a job etc.)
drop out
to quarrel; to have an argument
fall out
to complete (a form / questionnaire etc)
fill in
to make an effort to discover or get to know (something)
(the truth / a secret / an address / the time)
find out
to escape
get away
to do something wrong or illegal without being punished
(usually without even being discovered or caught)
get away with
to recover from (something)
(an illness / a failure / a difficulty / a shock etc.)
get over
to solve or avoid a problem or difficulty
get round
to persuade someone to do/ let you do what you want
get round
to finish; to complete
(some work / a task / a book etc.)
get through
to stop resisting; to surrender
give in
to give (something) to each person in a group of people; to distribute
(books / examination papers / pills etc.)
give out
to surrender oneself (usually to someone)
give up
to stop trying to do something (often because it is too difficult)
give up
to stop doing or having (something)
(smoking / drinking / a job etc.)
give up
to explode or fire; to ring suddenly (alarm/ alarm clock)
go off
to examine (something)
go through
to match or suit (something)
go with
to develop from a child into an adult
grow up
to wait (especially on the telephone)
hold on
to stop; to delay
usually used in the passive
hold up
to rob, especially using a weapon (e.g. a gun).
(a person / a bank / a vehicle etc.)
hold up
to stop employing (a worker), often for a short time, because there is not enough work
lay off
to disappoint someone (often by breaking a promise or an agreement)
let down
to excuse (someone) from (a punishment, a duty, or doing something)
let off
to allow (a person or an animal) to leave (a place); to release
let out
to take care of someone or something
look after
to remember and think about the past
look back
to think that someone (or something) is inferior, low or worthless; to disapprove of (someone or something)
look down on
to try to find (something or someone), often a thing or person that is lost
look for
to think with pleasure about a future event that you expect to enjoy
look forward to
to investigate; to carefully examine a situation or event and try to discover the reasons for it
look into
to examine (someone or something) carefully and fully
(some work / a car / a house / a document / a suggestion / an applicant etc.)
look over
to visit and tour round a place
(a house / a shop / a town / a factory / an exhibition etc.)
look round
to find (or try to find) something (e.g. a telephone number)
look up
to respect (someone); to admire (someone)
look up to
to become friends again after a quarrel
make up
to invent, sometimes with the purpose of deception
(a story / a poem / an excuse / an explanation etc.)
make up
to compensate for something (a mistake / doing or not doing something, etc.)
make up for
to tell (someone) that you have done something wrong or that you are at fault
own up
to die
pass away
to give someone a ride in a vehicle; to collect someone or something (sometimes in a vehicle)
pick up
to draw attention to something or someone
point out
to offer (a proposal / a plan etc.) for consideration
put forward
to delay doing something until a later date; to delay an event or arrangement until a later date
put off
to discourage, or distract (someone) from doing something
put off
to dress oneself
put on
to extinguish
(a cigarette / a light / a fire etc.)
put out
to suffer (a difficult situation or person) without complaining
put up with
to meet by chance
run into
to use all of (something) and have no more left
(coffee / sugar / money / patience / time etc.)
run out of
to say goodbye to someone who is going on a journey at the place (e.g. airport, station etc.) where the journey begins
see off
to start a journey
set off
to look or be like an older relative
take after
to record in writing
(a statement / a telephone number / some information etc.)
take down
to deceive (someone); to cheat (someone)
often used in the passive
take in
to rise from the ground (an aeroplane)
take off
to remove anything that is worn on the body (especially clothes)
take off
to assume responsibility for, or control of, (something or a situation) from someone else
take over
to begin to study, practise, or do (something)
(a hobby / a sport / a habit etc.)
take up
to speak angrily to someone who has done something wrong; to find fault with someone
tell off
to consider (something) carefully
(a problem / a proposal / a situation etc.)
think over
to put on an article of clothing to see if it fits and how it looks
(a hat / a new pair of shoes / a dress etc.)
try on
to refuse or reject (something or someone)
(a request / an offer / an application etc.)
turn down
to change; to become
turn into
to use (something) until it becomes unfit for further use; to become unusable after excessive use
wear out
to tire greatly; to exhaust
often used in the passive
wear out
to solve a problem by calculation or study; to produce a way of dealing with a problem or situation by thinking
(a sum / a problem / a plan / a method etc.)
work out