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36 terms

PoliSci Exam 1

STUDY
PLAY
Monarchy
Rule by one person, power by heritage
Oligarchy
Rule by a small group of people who share similar interests or family relations
Plutocracy
Rule by the wealthy
Theocracy
Rule by the religious elite
Democracy
Rule by all the people; consensus
Define Government
A legitimate ruling power to serve and protect it's citizens
Functions of Government
1) Make and enforce laws 2) Insure safety and peace 3) Issue state administration
What makes government legitimate?
Political Participation
Define the political process (or politics)
"Who gets what, when, and how" -Harold Lasswell
Who owns the means of production in Communism?
The government
Who owns the means of production in Socialism?
Private individuals and the government
Who owns the means of production in Fascism?
A dictator
Define Extremist
A radical group who usually deals with ONE social idea
Where does Communism place on the political compass?
Far Left
Where does Socialism place on the political compass?
Left
Where does Extremist place on the political compass?
Center
Where does Fascism place on the political compass?
Far Right
The 1st Amendment guarantees...
Freedom of speech, religion, press, peaceful assembly, right to petition the government
The 14th Amendment guarantees...
Due process (the right to a fair trial). Applies the Bill of Rights to the states. Applies the incorporation doctrine.
The 15th Amendment guarantees...
Voting rights can not be abridged based on race, color, or servitude
The 19th Amendment guarantees...
Voting rights can not be abridged based on sex
Incorporation
a process that extended the protections of the Bill of Rights against the actions of state and local governments
Top five political parties in the US?
Democratic, Republican, Green, Libertarian, Constitutional
Four Pillars of the Green Party
Environmental Awareness, Non-violence, Grass Roots democracy, Social Justice
Civil Liberties
the legal constitutional protections against government. Although our civil liberties are formally set down in the bill of rights, the courts, police and legislatures define their meaning.
Schenck v. United States
Supreme court decides that any actions taken that present a "clear and present danger" to the public or government isn't allowed, this can limit free speech
Gitlow v. New York
Incorporated the first amendment to the states
FCC v. Pacifica Foundation
The government can limit unwanted speech
Stromberg v. California
The States can not infringe on the first amendment right to freedom of speech and expression
United States v. O'Brien
The government had the right to regulate speech if: 1) It furthers an important government interest 2) The government interest is unrelated to suppression of freedom of speech 3) The restriction on the freedom is no greater necessary to the furtherance of the interest
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School
Extended freedom of speech to symbolic speech
Texas v. Johnson
Flag-burning is symbolic speech and is protected under the constitution
Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association
[ ****kk this shittt ]
The Linares Case
[ ****kk this shittt ]
Hobson v. Wilson
Better enforced the 13th Amendment
Coy v. Iowa
[ ****kk this shittt ]