A New Nation's Government

Articles of Confederation and The Constitutional Convention
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Shay's Rebellion
A rebellion by Massachusetts debtor farmers, led by Daniel Shays, which caused American leaders to start calling for the revision of the Articles of Confederation
Constitution
A written plan of government that sets forth the structures and powers of government. By virtue of it being written, it limited the power of government
Northwest Ordinance
The law passed that established the territories for the Northwest territory and provided a way for territories to become states.
Articles of Confederation
The nation's first written constitution, a loose alliance of the thirteen state.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
No executive, ability to collect taxes, or create an army
Great Compromise
The agreement between the large and small states to create a two house legislature - one based on equality for the states, one based on equality for the people
Roger Sherman
The delegate that proposed the Great Compromise
Executive Branch
The branch of government responsible for carrying out the laws of the nation
Judicial Branch
The branch of government responsible for judging the laws of the nation
Legislative Branch
The branch of government responsible for creating the laws of the nation
Federalist
A supporter of the Constitution
Anti-Federalist
An opponent of the Constitution -felt it would weaken the individual states
60,000
The number of settlers necessary in the Northwest territories in order to request statehood
Constitutional Convention
The meeting meant to revise the Articles of Confederation, but instead resulted in a new form of government
Virginia Plan
A plan that suggested the legislative branch should be based on the population of each state
New Jersey Plan
A plan that suggested the legislative branch should be based on state equality
Three Fifths Compromise
The compromise that allowed slave states to count a portion of their slaves towards their official population - gave the South more representation and power
Depression
A period of inflation and unemployment - economic activity slows
Cede
To give away land or property
Republic
A government based on representative leadership as elect d by its citizens
Separation of Powers
The idea of dividing the power of the government into three branches to prevent a dictator or tyranny
Checks and balances
The system that keeps one branch of the government from gaining too much power
Framers
The men who shaped and wrote the Constitution
Federalist Papers
The series of essays defending the new Constitution and supporting its ratification
James Madison
Considered the Father of the Constitution because of his planning and note taking