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966 terms

Medical Terminology Book

STUDY
PLAY
Diagnosis?
The identification of a disease or condition by a scientific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, history, tests, and procedures.
Prognosis?
The expected outcome of a disease.
What is a sign?
Definitive evidence of an illness or disordered function.
What is a symptom?
Subjective evidence as perceived by the patient (such as pain).
WNL?
Within normal limits.
Dilation?
The condition of being stretched or dilated beyond normal dimensions.
What are diagnostic terms?
Terms are used to describe the signs and symptoms of disease.
-algia, -dynia?
pain
-ectasia, -ectasis?
Dilatation or stretching of a structure of part.
-edema?
Swelling.
-emesis?
To vomit, vomiting.
-malacia?
soft, softening.
-megaly?
Enlargement.
-oid?
Resembling.
-penia?
Defeciency.
-rrhage, -rrhagia?
Excessive bleeding or hemorrhage.
-rrhea?
Flow or discharge.
-rrhexis?
Rupture.
-spasm?
Twitching, cramp
-stasis?
Stopping, controlling
-gram?
A record.
-graph?
Instrument used to record.
-graphy?
Process of recording.
-meter?
Instrument used to measure.
-scope?
Instrument used for viewing.
-scopy?
Visual examination.
Emesis?
Material expelled in vomitting.
Edema?
Presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the tissues, resulting in swelling.
Malacia?
Softening.
Stasis?
Stopping or controlling.
Electrocardiography?
The process of recording the electrical impulses of the heart.
Opthalmoscope?
The tool used to examine the interior of the eye.
Endoscope?
An illuminated optic instrument for the visualization of the interior of a body cavity or organ.
Catheter?
A hollow flexible tube that can be inserted into a cavity of the body to withdraw or to install fluids.
Cannula?
Latin term also used to mean a hollow flexible tube that is intserted into vessels, ducts, or cavities.
What are the vital signs?
Pulse rate, respiration rate, and body temperature.
What is a pulse?
The rhytmic expansion of an artery that occurs as the heart beats; it may be felt with a finger.
What is a normal resting pulse rate?
60-100.
What is the respiration rate?
The number of breaths per minute.
Which temperatures are usually slightly higher than oral temperatures?
Rectal.
What is involved in a PE?
Inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation.
What is inspection?
The examiner uses the eye to observe the patient.
What is palpation?
The examiner feels the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts with the hands.
What is percussion?
The examiner taps the body with fingertips or first to evaluate the size, borders, and consistency of internal organs and to determine the amount of fluid in the body cavity.
What is ausculation?
The examiner listens for sounds within the body to evaluate the heart, blood vessels, lungs, intestines or other organs or to detect the fetal heart sound in pregnant women. Performed with a stethoscope.
What is ambulation?
The act of walking.
When someone is ambulant, what does that mean?
That they are able to walk.
Ech(o), son(o)?
Sound.
Electr(o)?
Electricity.
Flur(o)?
Emitting or reflecting light.
Radi(o)?
Radiant energy.
Tom(o)?
To cut.
Ultra-?
Excessive.
What is CT?
Computed axial tomography.
What is MRI?
Magnetic resonance imaging. Images based on the magnetic properties of chemical elements within the body, rather than ionizing radiation such as X-rays.
What is flouroscopy?
A method of viewing x-ray images in real time so that motion can be seen, and radiography provides a permanent record of the image at a particular point in time.
What are radiopharmaceuticals?
Medicine that is administered to a patient orally, into the vein, or by having the patient breathe the material in vapor form.
What is PET?
Positron emission tomography.
Algesi(o)?
Sensitivity to pain.
Chem(o)?
Chemical.
Cry(o)?
Cold.
Esthesi(o)?
Feeling or sensation.
Narc(o)?
Stupor.
Pharmac(o), pharmaceut(i)?
Drugs or medicine.
Therm(o)?
Heat.
Therapeut(o)?
Treatment.
-therapy?
Treatment.
What does therapeutic radiology do?
It uses radiation to treat cancer.
What is chemotherapy?
Treatment of disease by chemical agents.
What are antineoplastics?
Medications used to treat malignant neoplasms.
a.c.?
Before meals.
ad lib.?
Freely as needed, at pleasure.
aq.?
Water.
b.i.d.?
Twice a day.
NPO?
Nothing by mouth.
p.r.n.?
As the occasion arises, as needed.
q.i.d.?
Four times a day.
stat?
Immediately.
t.i.d.?
Three times a day.
What does anesthesia mean?
Loss of the ability to feel pain.
What is local anesthesia?
Anesthesia delivered to one part of the body.
What is regional anesthesia?
Anesthesia delivered to a certain region of the body.
What is general anesthesia?
A state of unconsciousness with absence of sensation over the entire body.
What are neuromuscular drugs?
Drugs that are used as blocking agents to stop muscle contractions during surgery.
What is an analgesic?
A drug that relieves pain.
What is a narcotic?
A substance that produces insensibility or stupor. These alter perception of pain, induce a feeling or euphoria, and may induce sleep. Narcotics depress respiration.
-centesis?
Surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid.
-ectomy?
Excision (surgical removal or cutting out.)
-lysis?
Process of loosening, freeing, or destroying.
-pexy?
Surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position).
-plasty?
Surgical repair.
-rrhaphy?
Suture.
-scope?
instrument used for viewing.
-scopy?
Visual examination.
-stomy?
Formation of an opening.
-tome?
Instrument used for cutting.
-tomy?
Incision (cutting into tissue).
-tripsy?
Surgical crushing.
What is neuroectomy?
Partial or total excision of a nerve.
What are adhesions?
Fibrous structures form when two structures abnormally attach to each other.
What is incision?
Cutting into.
What is excision?
Cutting out or removal.
What is the act of suturing?
To stitch together cut or torn edges of tissue with silk, catgut, or synthetic material (only catgut is naturally broken down by enzymes in the body).
What does approximate mean?
To bring close together by suture or other means.
What is a stoma?
A small opening, either natural or artificially created.
aden(o)?
Gland.
Angi(o)?
Vessel.
Append(o), appendic(o)?
Appendix.
Blephar(o)?
Eyelid.
Cerebr(o), encephal(o)?
Brain, sometimes cerebrum (main portion of the brain).
Chir(o)?
Hand.
Col(o), colon(o)?
Colon (or large intestine).
Cutane(o), derm(a), dermat(o)?
Skin.
Mamm(o), mast(o)?
Breast.
Nephr(o), ren(o)?
Kidney.
Oste(o)?
Bone.
Steth(o)?
Thorax.
Tonsill(o)?
Tonsil.
Trache(o)?
Trachea (windpipe).
Vas(o)?
Vessel; ductus deferens (vas deferens).
OD?
Overdose, right eye (oculus dexter).
OTC?
Over the counter (drug that can be obtained without a prescription).
aden(o)
gland
adren(o)
adrenal gland
adrenal(o)
adrenal gland
cortic(o)
cortex
gonad(o)
gonad
mamm(o)
breast
mast(o)
breast
pancreat(o)
pancreas
parathyroid(o)
parathyroid gland
pituitar(o)
pituitary glands
hypophys(o)
pituitary glands
thyr(o)
thyroid gland
thyroid(o)
thyroid gland
andr(o)
male or masculine
calc(i)
calcium
gigant(o)
large
gluc(o)
glucose
glyc(o)
sugar
glycos(o)
sugar
insulin(o)
insulin
iod(o)
iodine
ket(o)
ketone
lact(o)
milk
trop(o)
to stimulate
-crine
secrete
-dipsia
thirst
-physis
growth
-tropic
stimulating
-tropin
that which stimulates
adip(o)
fat
lip(o)
fat
cutane(o)
skin
derm(o)
skin
dermat(o)
skin
kerat(o)
horny or cornea
-derm
skin or germ layer
hidr(o)
sweat
onych(o)
nail
ungu(o)
nail
pil(o)
hair
trich(o)
hair
seb(o)
sebum
cry(o)
cold
erythemat(o)
erythema or redness
follicul(o)
follicle
heli(o)
sun
ichthy(o)
fish
necr(o)
dead or death
rhytid(o)
wrinkle
seps(o)
infection
sept(o)
infection, sometimes it means septum
xer(o)
dry
-phoresis
transmission
ABA
American Burn Association
Bx
biopsy
DLE
discoid lupus erythematosus
I&D
incision and drainage
TBSA
total body surface area
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
ung
ointment
UV
ultraviolet
VAC
vacuum-assisted closure
dendr(o)
tree
gli(o)
neuroglia or a stickey substance
nerv(o)
nerve
neur(o)
nerve
cerebell(o)
cerebellum
cerebr(o)
brain; cerebrum
encephal(o)
brain
myel(o)
spinal cord
mening(i)
meninges
mening(o)
meninges
arachn(o)
spider or arachnoid ( a meningeal membraine)
chem(o)
chemical
mechan(o)
mechanical
noc(i)
cause harm, injury, or pain
phot(o)
light
therm(o)
heat
ir(o)
iris
kerat(o)
cornea, hard, horny
ocul(o)
eye
ophthalm(o)
eye
dacry(o)
tear
lacrim(o)
tear
opt(o)
vision
optic(o)
vision
audi(o)
hearing
ot(o)
ear
pseud(o)
false
-asthenia
weakness
-esthesia
sensitivity to pain
-lexia
words, phrases
ment(o)
mind
psych(o)
mind
phren(o)
mind or diphragm
pyr(o)
fire
schist(o)
split
schiz(o)
split
ACh
acetylcholine
ADD
Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD
ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
dB
decibel
DSM
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
DTR
deep tendon reflex
EEG
electroencephalogram
ICP
intracranial pressure
IOL
intraocular lens
LBP
Low back pain
MS
multiple sclerosis
OCD
Obsessive compulsive disorder
SCI
spinal cord injury
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TIA
transient ischemic attack
blast(o)
embryonic form
-blast
embryonic form
myel(o)
bone marrow; spinal cord
oste(o)
bone
cost(o)
costae; ribs
crani(o)
cranium
rach(i)
vertebral or spinal column
rachi(o)
vertebral or spinal column
spin(o)
vertebral or spinal column
spondyl(o)
vertebrae
vertebr(o)
vertebrae
stern(o)
sternum
cervic(o)
cervical
thorac(o)
thoracic
lumb(o)
lumbar
sacr(o)
sacral
coccyg(o)
coccygeal
clavicul(o)
clavicle
scapul(o)
scapula
ili(o)
ilium
ischi(o)
ischium
pub(o)
pubis
carp(o)
carpus; wrist
humer(o)
humerus
phalang(o)
phalynx; phalanges
radi(o)
radius; radiant energy
uln(o)
ulna
calcane(o)
calcaneus; heel bone
femor(o)
femur
fibul(o)
fibula
patell(o)
patella
tars(o)
tarsus
tibi(o)
tibia
arthr(o)
joint; articulation
burs(o)
bursa
articul(o)
articulation
chondr(o)
cartilage
synov(o)
synovial membrane
synovi(o)
synovial membrane
ten(o)
tendon
tend(o)
tendon
tendin(o)
tendon
fasci(o)
fascia
muscul(o)
muscle
my(o)
muscle
ankyl(o)
stiff
scler(o)
hard
troph(o)
nutrition
-asthenia
weakness
-sarcoma
malignant tumor from connective tissue
-clasia
break
-desis
binding; fusion
ALL
Acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML
acute myelogenous leukemia
ANA
Antinuclear antibody
AROM
Active Range of Motion
BMT
bone marrow transplant
CLL
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML
chronic myelogenous leukemia
CPK
creatine phosphokinase
CTS
carpal tunnel syndrome
DJD
degenerative joint disease
DLE
discoid lupus erythematosus
DMARD
disease-modifying antirheumatic drug
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
fx
fracture
LE
Lupus Erythematosus
MTP
metatarsophalangeal
NSAID
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
PROM
passive range of motion
RA
rheumatoid arthritis
RF
rheumatoid factor
ROM
range of motion
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
TJR
total joint replacement
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
amni(o)
amnion
chori(o)
chorion
fet(o)
fetus
gonad(o)
gonad
o(o)
ovum
spermat(o)
spermatozoa
-blast
embryonic or immature
nat(o)
birth
par(o)
bearing offspring
pseudo-
false
-cyesis
pregnancy
-gravida
pregnant female
-para
women who has given birth
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
BBT
basal body temperature
CPD
cephalopelvic disproportion
CS
cesarean section
DFA
direct florescent antibody test
EDD
expected date of delivery
EFM
electronic fetal monitor
EIA
enzyme immunoassay
ELISA
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
FHR
fetal heart rate
G
gravida (pregnant)
GC
gonococcus
HBV
hepatitis B virus
HCV
hepatitis C virus
HDV
Hepatitis D Virus
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS virus)
HPV
human papilloma virus
HSV-2
herpes simplex virus type 2
IFA
Immunofluorescent assay
IUD
intrauterine device
IVF
in vitro fertilization
OB
obstetrics
cervic(o)
neck; uterine cervix
colp(o)
vagina
vagin(o)
vagina
genit(o)
organs of reproduction
hyster(o)
uterus
uter(o)
uterus
metr(o)
measure; uterine tissue
oophor(o)
ovary
ovari(o)
ovary
perine(o)
perineum
salping(o)
fallopian tube
vulv(o)
vulva
lapar(o)
abdominal wall
men(o)
month
o(o)
egg; ovum
top(o)
place or position
-tropin
that which stimulates
balan(o)
glans penis
epididym(o)
epididymis
orchi(o)
testicle
orchid(o)
testicle
test(o)
testicle
testicul(o)
testicle
pen(o)
penis
prostat(o)
prostate
scrot(o)
scrotum
vas(o)
vessel; ductus deferens
semin(o)
semen
sperm(o)
spermatozoa
sperrmat(o)
spermatozoa
crypt(o)
hidden
olig(o)
few
varic(o)
twisted and swollen
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
Cx
cervix
D&C
dilatation and curettage
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
GU
genitourinary
GYN
Gynecology
HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
HRT
hormone replacement therapy
LH
luteinizing hormone
LMP
Last Menstrual Period
NIH
National Institutes of Health
Pap
Papanicolaou Test (Pap Smear)
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
PSA
prostate specific antigen
RPR
rapid plasma reagin (test for syphilis)
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TSS
Toxic Shock Syndrome
TUMT
transurethral microwave thermotherapy
TUNA
transurethral needle ablation
VDRL
venereal disease research laboratory
ur(0)
urine or urinary tract
urin(o)
urine
-uria
urine, urination
cyst(o)
bladder, fluid filled sac
nephr(o)
kidney
ren(o)
kidney
ureter(o)
ureter
urethr(o)
urethra
vesic(o)
bladder or blister
glomerul(o)
glomerulus
pyel(o)
renal pelvis
gon(o)
genitals or reproduction
thromb(o)
thrombus (internal blood clot)
noct(i)
night
nyct(o)
night
olig(o)
few, scanty
albumin(o)
albumin
glyc(o)
sugar
glycos(o)
sugar
ket(o)
ketone bodies
keton(o)
ketone bodies
ADH
Antidiuretic hormone
ARF
acute renal failure
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
C&S
culture and sensitivity
CRF
chronic renal failure
EMG
electromyography
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
GFR
Glomerular Filtration Rate
GU
genitourinary
I&O
intake and output
IVP
Intravenous Pyelography
KUB
kidney, ureter, bladder
pH
potential of hydrogen
STD
sexually transmitted disease
TUR
TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
UA
urinalysis
U/A
urinalysis
UTI
urinary tract infection
VCUG
voiding cystourethrogram
VD
venereal disease
amyl(o)
starch
bil(i)
bile or gall
glyc(o)
sugar
lact(o)
milk
lip(o)
fats
prote(o)
protein
-dipsia
thirst
-orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
-stalsis
contraction
or(o)
mouth
stomat(o)
mouth
esophag(o)
esophagus
gastr(o)
stomach
cholecyst(o)
gallbladder
choledoch(o)
common bile duct
hepat(o)
liver
pancreat(o)
pancreas
sialaden(o)
salivary glands
enter(o)
small intestine
sial(o)
salivary glands
duoden(o)
duodenum
jejun(o)
jejunum
ile(o)
ileum
col(o)
large intestine, colon
colon(o)
large intestine, colon
rect(o)
rectum
an(o)
anus
bucc(o)
cheek
cheil(o)
lip
dent(i)
teeth
dent(o)
teeth
odont(o)
teeth
gingiv(o)
gums
gloss(o)
tongue
lingu(o)
tongue
mandibul(o)
mandible
maxill(o)
maxilla
palat(o)
palate
pharyng(o)
pharynx
sial(o)
saliva
pylor(o)
pylorus
vag(o)
vagus
append(o)
appendix
appendic(o)
appendix
cec(o)
cecum
proct(o)
anus, rectum
sigmoid(o)
sigmoid colon
diverticul(o)
diverticula
epiglott(o)
epiglottis
laryng(o)
larynx
palat(o)
palate
pharyng(o)
pharynx
sin(o)
sinus
alveol(o)
alveoli
lob(o)
lobe
phren(o)
diaphragm
pleur(o)
pleura
pneum(o)
lungs or air
pneumon(o)
lungs
pulm(o)
lungs
pulmon(o)
lungs
trache(o)
trachea
acid(o)
acid
alkal(o)
alkaline; basic
phas(o)
speech
phon(o)
voice
spir(o)
to breathe
-ation
process
-capnia
carbon dioxide
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
anthrac(o)
coal
atel(o)
imperfect or incomplete
coni(o)
dust
embol(o)
embolus
fibr(o)
fiber or fibrous
meta-
change; next, as in a series
-ation
process
-pnea
breathing
-ptosis
prolapse
-ptysis
spitting
-stenosis
narrowing
ABG
Arterial Blood Gas
ARDS
ADULT RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME
CAL
chronic airflow limitation
COLD
chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP
continuous positive airway pressure
CSR
CHEYNE-STOKES RESPIRATION
ECMO
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
HSV
Herpes Simplex Virus
PFT
pulmonary function test
pH
potential of hydrogen
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
RPFT
registered pulmonary function therapist
SARS
severe acute respiratory syndrome
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
SOB
shortness of breath
TB
turberculosis
TTO
transtracheal oxygen
URI
upper respiratory infection
VC
vital capacity
angi(o)
vessel
vas(o)
vessel
vascul(o)
vessel
aort(o)
aorta
arter(o)
artery
arteri(o)
artery
arteriol(o)
arteriole
cardi(o)
heart
phleb(o)
vein
ven(i)
vein
ven(o)
vein
venul(o)
venule
endocardi(o)
endocardium
myocardi(o)
myocardium
pericardi(o)
pericardium
atri(o)
atrium
coron(o)
crown
mediastin(o)
mediastinum
mediastinum
The part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart and aorta and esophagus and trachea and thymus
ox(i)
oxygen
pulmon(o)
lung
sept(o)
septum; partition
sin(o)
sinus
steth(o)
chest
thorac(o)
chest
valv(o)
valve
valvul(o)
valve
ventricul(o)
ventricle
-ole
small
aneurysm(o)
aneurysm
ather(o)
yellowish; fatty plaque
embol(o)
embolus
aden(o)
gland
adenoid(o)
adenoids
lymph(o)
lymph; lymphatics
lymphaden(o)
lymph node
lymphangi(o)
lymph vessel
lymphat(o)
lymphatics
splen(o)
spleen
thym(o)
thymus
tonsill(o)
tonsil
AI
aortic insufficiency
ASHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
AV
atrioventricular
AVB
atrioventricular block
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
coronary artery disease
CHF
congestive heart failure
CK
creatine kinase
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
DSA
digital subtraction angiography
HDL
High Density Lipoprotein
HTN
hypertension
LDH
lactate dehydrogenase
LDL
low-density lipoprotein
MI
myocardial infarction
MIDCAB
minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass
MVP
mitral valve prolapse
OPCAB
Off-pump coronary artery bypass
PAT
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
PCI
percutaneous coronary intervention
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PVC
premature ventricular contraction
SA
sinoatrial
angi(o)
vessel
vascul(o)
vessel
cellul(o)
little cell or compartment
home(o)
sameness; constant
hydr(o)
water
calc(i)
calcium
kal(i)
potassium
natr(o)
sodium
hem(a)
blood
hem(o)
blood
hemat(o)
blood
-emia
blood
hidr(o)
sweat; perspiration
muc(o)
mucus
py(o)
pus
sial(o)
saliva; salivary glands
ur(o)
urine; urinary tract
chrom(o)
color
hemoglobin(o)
hemoglobin
kary(o)
nucleus
nucle(o)
nucleus
morph(o)
shape; form
norm(o)
normal
phil(o)
attraction
poikil(o)
irregular
spher(o)
round
coagul(o)
coagulation
coagulation
blood clotting
fibrin(o)
fibrin
fibrin
Protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
thromb(o)
thrombus; clot
granulocytes
neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
agranulocytes
monocytes, lymphocytes
aut(o)
self
immun(o)
immune
-phylaxis
protection
ana-
upward, excessive, or again
AHF
antihemophilic factor
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
baso
basophil
CBC
complete blood count
CMV
cytomegalovirus
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulation
eos
eosinophil
Hb
hemoglobin
HCT
hematocrit
HDN
hemolytic disease of the newborn
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
INR
International Normalized Ratio
lymph
Lymphocyte
mono
monocyte
neut
neutrophil
PMN
POLYMORPHONUCLEAR
PT
prothrombin time
PTT
partial thromboplastin time
RBC
red blood cell
Rh
Rhesus
RPR
rapid plasma reagin
WBC
white blood cell
Cardiovascular System
The transport system of the body responsible for carrying oxygen and nutrients to the body and carrying away carbon dioxide and other wastes; composed of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Lymphatic System
helps maintain the internal fluid environment; produces some types of blood cells; regulates immunity
Respiratory System
Brings oxygen into the body and removes carbon dioxide and some water waste
Digestive System
Provides the body with water nutrients and minerals, removes solid wastes.
Urinary System
Filters blood to remove wastes of cellular metabolism; maintains the electrolyte and fluid balance
Reproductive System
Produces offspring
Muscular System
Makes movement possible
Skeletal System
Provide protection, form, and shape for the body; stores minerals and forms some blood cells
Nervous System
Coordinates the reception of stimuli; transmits messages to stimulate movement
Integumentary System
Provides external covering for protection; regulates the body temperature and water content
Endocrine System
Secretes hormones and helps regulate body activities
anter(o)
toward the front
poster(o)
toward the back
ventr(o)
belly side
dors(o)
toward the back
medi(o)
middle
later(o)
away from the middle
super(o)
above
infer(o)
below
proxim(o)
near point of attachment
dist(o)
farthest from point of origin
tel(e)
farthest from point of origin
caud(o)
in an inferior position
cephal(o)
toward the head
abdomin(o)
abdomen
acr(o)
extremities
axill(o)
armpit
crani(o)
cranium
dactyl(o)
finger or toe
encephal(o)
brain
herni(o)
hernia
omphal(o)
umbilicus
umbilic(o)
umbilicus
pelv(i)
pelvis
peritone(o)
peritoneum
pod(o)
foot
som(a)
body
somat(o)
body
spin(o)
spine
thorac(o)
thorax
steth(o)
chest
viscer(o)
viscera (large abdominal organs)
AP
anteroposterior
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
EEG
electroencephalogram
PA
posteroanterior
mono-
one
uni-
one
bi-
two
di-
two
tri-
three
quad-
four
quadri-
four
tetra-
four
centi-
one hundredth
milli-
one thousandth
ana-
excessive
diplo-
double
hemi-
half
semi-
partly
hyper-
excessive, more than normal
hypo-
beneath or below normal
multi-
many
poly-
many
nulli-
none
pan-
all
primi-
first
super-
excessive
ultra-
excessive
ab-
away from
ad-
toward
ante-
before in time or in place
pre-
before in time or in place
circum-
around
peri-
around
dia-
through
ecto-
out, without, away from
ex-
out, without, away from
exo-
out, without, away from
extra-
out, without, away from
en-
inside
end-
inside
endo-
inside
epi-
above, on
hypo-
beneath, under
infra-
beneath, under
sub-
beneath, under
inter-
between
intra-
within
ipsi-
same
meso-
middle
mid-
middle
medio-
middle
para-
near, beside or abnormal
per-
through or by
post-
after, behind
retro-
behind, backward
super-
above, beyond
supra-
above, beyond
sym-
joined, together
syn-
joined, together
trans-
across
a-
no, not, without
an-
no, not, without
in-
not or inside
macro-
large or great
mega-
large or great
megalo-
large or great
micro-
small
ante-
before
pre-
before
pro-
before
post-
after
ana-
upward or again
anti-
against
contra-
against
brady-
slow
dys-
bad, difficult
eu-
good, normal
mal-
bad
pro-
favoring, supporting
tachy-
fast
mcg
microgram
b.i.d.
twice a day
h
hour
IV
intravenous
p.o.
orally
p.r.n.
as needed
q.
every
t.i.d.
three times per day
TFT
thyroid function test
cancer(o)
cancer
carcin(o)
cancer
lith(o)
stone or calculus
onc(o)
tumor
path(o)
disease
-cele
hernia
-emia
condition of the blood
-ia
condition
-iasis
condition
-lith
stone or calculus
-mania
obsessive preoccupation
-maniac
one who has an excessive preoccupation (with something)
-oma
tumor
-osis
condition, usually abnormal
-pathy
disease
-phobia
abnormal fear
-ptosis
drooping, sagging, prolapse
hernia
protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
-able
capable of, able to
-ible
able to, capable of
-ase
enzyme
-eum
membrane
-ium
membrane
-ia
condition or theory
-ism
condition or theory
-iac
one who suffers
-opia
vision
-ose
sugar
-ous
pertaining to/ characterized by
-y
state or condition
cyt(o)
cell
gen(o)
beginning, origin
-cyte
cell
-gen
that which generates
-genic
produced by or in
-genesis
producing or forming
kinesi(o)
movement
-kinesia
movement
-kinesis
motion
leps(o)
seizure
-lepsy
seizure
log(o)
knowledge or words
lys(o)
destruction, dissolving
-lysin
that which destroys
-lysis
process of destroying
-lytic
capable of destroying
megal(o)
large, enlarged
-megaly
enlargement
metr(o)
measure; uterine tissue
-meter
instrument used to measure
-metry
process of measuring
phag(o)
eat, ingest
-phagia
eating, swallowing
-phagic
eating, swallowing
-phagy
eating, swallowing
phas(o)
speech
-phasia
speech
plas(o)
formation, development
-plasia
formation or development
-plasma
substance of cells
plast(o)
repair
pleg(o)
paralysis
-plegia
paralysis
schis(o)
split, cleft
schiz(o)
split, cleft
schist(o)
split, cleft
scler(o)
hard
scop(o)
to view
-schisis
split, cleft
-sclerosis
hardening
troph(o)
nutrition
-trophic
nutrition
-trophy
nutrition
alb(o)
white
albin(o)
white
leuk(o)
white
chlor(o)
green
cyan(o)
blue
erythr(o)
red
melan(o)
black
xanth(o)
yellow
bi(o)
life or living
cephal(o)
head
hist(o)
tissue
lact(o)
milk
muscul(o)
muscle
my(o)
muscle
nas(o)
nose
rhin(o)
nose
pod(o)
foot
pyr(o)
fire
tox(o)
poison
toxic(o)
poison
iatr(o0
physician or treatment
idi(o)
individual
nos(o)
disease
seps(o)
infection
sept(i)
infection
sept(o)
infection
bacter(i)
bacteria
bacteri(o)
bacteria
fung(i)
fungus
myc(o)
fungus
staphyl(o)
grapelike cluster, uvula
strept(o)
twisted
vir(o)
virus
virus(o)
virus
ACS
American Cancer Society
CDC
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FEMA
federal emergency management agency
HPF
high power field
HPV
human papillomavirus
IED
Improvised Explosive Device
LPF
low-power field
MRSA
methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
staph
staphylococci
STD
sexually transmitted disease
strep
streptococci
Ech(o)
Sound
Son(o)
sound
Electr(o)
electricity
Fluor(o)
emitting or reflecting light
Radi(o)
Radiant energy
Tom(o)
To cut
Ultra-
excessive
algesi(o)
sensitivity to pain
Chem(o)
Chemical
Cry(o)
cold
Esthesi(o)
feeling, sensation
narc(o)
stupor
Pharmac(o)
drugs or medicine
Therapeut(o)
treatment
Therm(o)
heat
-therapy
treatment
-centesis
surgical puncture
-ectomy
surgical removal
-lysis
loosening, destruction
-pexy
surgical fixation
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
Aden(o)
gland
Angi(o)
vessel
Append(o), appendic(o)
appendix
Blephar(o)
eyelid
Cerebr(o), encephal(o)
brain
Chir(o)
hand
Col(o)
colon
Cutane(o), derm(a), dermat(o)
skin
Mamm(o), mast(o)
breast
Nephr(o), ren(o)
KIDNEY
Oste(o)
bone
Steth(o)
thorax (chest)
Tonsill(o)
tonsils
Trache(o)
trachea, windpipe
Vas(o)
vessel, duct; vas deferens
-ic
Pertaining To
-itis
inflammation
-logy
study of
-plasty
surgical repair of
-rrhea
discharge, flow from
-tomy
incision, cutting into